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To describe different currently available tests of multimodal intraoperative monitoring (MIOM) used in spine and spinal cord surgery indicating the technical parameters, application and interpretation as an easy understanding systematic overview to help implementation of MIOM and improve communication between neurophysiologists and spine surgeons. This(More)
A prospective study of 1,017 patients who received MIOM during spine surgery procedures between March 2000 and December 2005. To determine the sensitivity and specificity of MIOM techniques used to monitor spinal cord and nerve roots function during spine surgery. MIOM has become a widely used method of monitoring neural function during spine surgery.(More)
With the rapid development of imaging techniques and better understanding of structural and functional pathology of the spine and spinal cord there has been a worldwide increase in the number of spine surgeries performed, particularly in specialized interdisciplinary spine centers. In addition to the congenital and acquired deformities of the spine and(More)
In a prospective study of 109 patients with tumor of the spine MIOM was performed during the surgical procedure between March 2000 and December 2005. To determine the sensitivity and specificity of MIOM techniques used to monitor spinal cord and nerve root function during surgical procedure of spinal tumors. MIOM become an integrated procedure during(More)
While pathophysiology of elevated cytokines is well delineated, reference values for children are unknown, although they may vary physiologically with age and differ from those of adults. Between June and November 2001, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) concentrations from blood samples of 79 healthy children in six(More)
Twenty-four children (aged 3 months to 14 years) with severe head injuries were treated by means of invasive neurointensive care for normalizing intracranial pressure (ICP) involving hyperventilation, control of body temperature, dexamethasone, barbiturates and continuous intracranial and arterial pressure monitoring. The Glasgow Coma Scale before(More)
A prospective study of 36 patients who received multimodal intraoperative monitoring (MIOM) during decompression of thoracic spinal stenosis between March 2000 and December 2005 was chosen as the study design. The objective was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of MIOM techniques used for monitoring spinal cord during surgical thoracic(More)
Peripheral nerve injury is an uncommon but serious complication of hip surgery that can adversely affect the outcome. Several studies have described the use of electromyography and intra-operative sensory evoked potentials for early warning of nerve injury. We assessed the results of multimodal intra-operative monitoring during complex hip surgery. We(More)
A prospective study on 409 patients who received multimodel intraoperative monitoring (MIOM) during lumbosacral surgical procedures between March 2000 and December 2005 was carried out. The objective of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of MIOM techniques used to monitor conus medullaris, cauda equina and nerve root function during(More)