Martin Straume

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Temperature compensation contributes to the accuracy of biological timing by preventing circadian rhythms from running more quickly at high than at low temperatures. We previously identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) with temperature-specific effects on the circadian rhythm of leaf movement, including a QTL linked to the transcription factor FLOWERING(More)
In Drosophila, a number of key processes such as emergence from the pupal case, locomotor activity, feeding, olfaction, and aspects of mating behavior are under circadian regulation. Although we have a basic understanding of how the molecular oscillations take place, a clear link between gene regulation and downstream biological processes is still missing.(More)
Persistent oscillation in constant conditions is a defining characteristic of circadian rhythms. However, in plants transferred into extended dark conditions, circadian rhythms in mRNA abundance commonly damp in amplitude over two or three cycles to a steady state level of relatively constant, low mRNA abundance. In Arabidopsis, catalase CAT3 mRNA(More)
Modifications were made to a commercially available human (h) GH chemiluminescence assay (Nichols Luma Tag hGH assay), which improved its sensitivity to 0.002 micrograms/L. The results of this assay had a high correlation with those of the Nichols hGH immunoradiometric assay (IRMA; r = 0.91; P < 0.001). The addition of recombinant hGH-binding protein(More)
As part of an effort to characterize the circadian system of the zebrafish, we examined the circadian regulation of locomotor activity in adult males and females. Gross locomotor activity was measured using infrared movement detectors. The effects of light, dark, and temperature on the amplitude, phase, and free-running periods of locomotor rhythms were(More)
Most insulin is secreted in discrete pulses at an interval of approximately 6 min. Increased insulin secretion after meal ingestion is achieved through the mechanism of amplification of the burst mass. Conversely, in type 2 diabetes, insulin secretion is impaired as a consequence of decreased insulin pulse mass. beta-cell mass is reported to be deficient in(More)
Circadian rhythms in the abundance of the CAT2 catalase mRNA were not seen in etiolated seedlings but developed upon illumination. These circadian oscillations were preceded by a rapid and transient induction of CAT2 mRNA abundance that varied strikingly according to the timing (circadian phase) of the onset of illumination. This variation oscillated with a(More)
Seizures do not often strike randomly but may occur in circadian patterns. We compared daily times of partial seizures determined by continuous electroencephalography among patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE; n = 64), those with extratemporal lobe (XTLE; n = 26) or lesional temporal lobe epilepsy (LTLE; n = 8), and a rat model similar to MTLE(More)
Neurons in the mammalian suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) generate daily rhythms in physiology and behavior, but it is unclear how they maintain and synchronize these rhythms in vivo. We hypothesized that parallel signaling pathways in the SCN are required to synchronize rhythms in these neurons for coherent output. We recorded firing and clock-gene expression(More)