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We have developed a new computational framework for merging odor response data sets from heterogeneous studies, creating a consensus metadatabase, the database of odor responses (DoOR). As a result, we obtained a functional atlas of all available odor responses in Drosophila melanogaster. Both the program and the data set are freely accessible and(More)
BACKGROUND Cells dynamically adapt their gene expression patterns in response to various stimuli. This response is orchestrated into a number of gene expression modules consisting of co-regulated genes. A growing pool of publicly available microarray datasets allows the identification of modules by monitoring expression changes over time. These time-series(More)
We investigate the interplay of odor identity and concentration coding in the antennal lobe (AL) of the honeybee Apis mellifera. In this primary olfactory center of the honeybee brain, odors are encoded by the spatio-temporal response patterns of olfactory glomeruli. With rising odor concentration, further glomerular responses are recruited into the(More)
Neuronal plasticity allows an animal to respond to environmental changes by modulating its response to stimuli. In the honey bee (Apis mellifera), the biogenic amine octopamine plays a crucial role in appetitive odor learning, but little is known about how octopamine affects the brain. We investigated its effect in the antennal lobe, the first olfactory(More)
An odorant stimulus given to a bee elicits a characteristic combinatorial pattern of activity in neuronal units called glomeruli. These patterns can be measured by optical imaging, however detecting and identifying the glomeruli is a laborious task and prone to errors. Here, we present an image analysis pipeline for the automatic detection and(More)
The calcium-imaging technique allows us to record movies of brain activity in the antennal lobe of the fruitfly <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>, a brain compartment where information about odors is processed. For signal processing that scales up with the growing data sizes in imaging, we have developed an approximate Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for(More)
Hematofluorometric determination of zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) is a screening method for the assessment of iron deficiency (ID). Chronic disorders are frequently accompanied by anemias of unclear origin, most probably caused by an impairment of iron metabolism. We investigated the relevance of ZPP for the detection of derangements of iron metabolism in(More)
Calcium-imaging enables us to record movies of brain activity from the antennal lobe, a region of the honeybee brain responsible for processing odor information. Here, we present a matrix factorisation framework to automatically detect the neural units in this region and to accurately estimate their signals. Based on a non-negative mixture model, the(More)
Cancer cells and non-cancer cells differ in their metabolism and they emit distinct volatile compound profiles, allowing to recognise cancer cells by their scent. Insect odorant receptors are excellent chemosensors with high sensitivity and a broad receptive range unmatched by current gas sensors. We thus investigated the potential of utilising the fruit(More)
Plants under herbivore attack release volatiles that attract natural enemies, and herbivores in turn avoid such plants. Whilst herbivore-induced plant volatile blends appeared to reduce the attractiveness of host plants to herbivores, the volatiles that are key in this process and particularly the way in which deterrence is coded in the olfactory system are(More)