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We report the application of supported bilayers for two-dimensional microelectrophoresis. This method allows the lateral separation and accumulation of charged amphiphilic molecular probes in bilayers by application of an electric field parallel to the bilayer surface. Diffusion coefficient and mobility of the fluorescent probes are determined by(More)
Micro-photodiode arrays based on semiconductor chip technology are being developed to replace degenerated photoreceptor cells in the retina. Electric current is generated in tiny micro-photodiodes and delivered to the adjacent tissue by micro-electrodes. One of the main requirements of a sub-retinal implantable device is long-term stability versus corrosion(More)
Microfluidic devices with three-dimensional (3-D) arrays of microelectrodes embedded in microchannels have been developed to study dielectrophoretic forces acting on synthetic micro- and nanoparticles. In particular, so-called deflector structures were used to separate particles according to their size and to enable accumulation of a fraction of interest(More)
Composites of carbon nanotubes and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene, PEDOT) and layers of PEDOT are deposited onto microelectrodes by electropolymerization of ethylenedioxythiophene in the presence of a suspension of carbon nanotubes and polystyrene sulfonate. Analysis by FIB and SEM demonstrates that CNT-PEDOT composites exhibit a porous morphology whereas(More)
In the first part, we report experiments which enable the sensitive detection of protein adsorption to lipid bilayers deposited onto chromium electrodes on glass substrates by frequency-dependent capacitance measurements. The sensitivity of the present type of sensor (better than 0.3 nm average protein layer thickness) is at least equivalent to that of(More)
Hepatitis A virus particles (d = 27 nm) were successfully accumulated and trapped in a microfluidic system by means of a combination of electrohydrodynamic flow and dielectrophoretic forces. Electric fields were generated in a field cage consisting of eight microelectrodes. In addition, high medium conductance (0.3 S/m) resulted in sufficient Joule heating(More)
A survey is given on the status of developments, concerning a subretinal electronic microphotodiode array that aims at replacing degenerated photoreceptors. Various prototypes have been developed, tested, and implanted in various experimental animals up to 18 months. The fact that electrical responses were recorded from the visual cortex of pigs after(More)
In order to study possible toxic side effects of potential drug compounds in vitro a reliable test system is needed. Predicting liver toxicity presents a major challenge of particular importance as liver cells grown in a cell culture suffer from a rapid loss of their liver specific functions. Therefore we are developing a new microfluidic test system for(More)
A facile method is proposed for the deposition of multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) layers onto microelectrode arrays by means of a microcontact printing technique, leading to the fabrication of MEAs characterized by well defined electrical and morphological properties. Using polydimethyl siloxane stamps, produced from different mold designs, a(More)
We report on experiments towards the chemical modification of metal electrodes in order to enhance biocompatibility or improve cell adhesion properties. In the first example pacemaker electrodes were modified with a thin polysiloxane network which allowed for further derivatization with a poly(ethylene glycol) layer. The primary goal was to suppress(More)