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OBJECTIVE This study described corneal morphology in different domestic animals using histological and immunohistochemical methods. Specifically, we evaluated the species-specific distribution pattern of cytokeratins (CKs) and aquaporins (AQPs) to assess their contribution to the strength and transparency of the cornea, respectively. PROCEDURES Corneal(More)
Diabetes represents a major endemic disease throughout the world, and different therapeutic methods are used to treat the disease. Xenotransplantation of pig islet cells is a potential treatment for type 1 diabetes, but studies of protein expression in distinct islet cells are rare. ZnT8, a member of the slc30A gene family, is involved in islet endocrine(More)
Certain female reproductive tissues are known to express the non-neuronal cholinergic system. Using different experimental approaches, we tested the hypothesis that acetylcholine (ACh) in the porcine oviduct may also be derived from non-neuronal structures. Immunohistochemistry was performed to detect acetylcholine synthesizing enzyme choline(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) functions as a growth factor regarding physiological regulations of cellular metabolism, regeneration and growth. In pancreas islets their potential function is unclear and only little information is available on occurrence and distribution of the corresponding insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) in islet(More)
Previously it was shown that growth hormone (GH) and its receptor (GH-R) are involved in growth-promoting events during early embryonic development. However, it is still unknown if GH-induced GH-R signalling may support other functions within the oviduct. The purpose of our study was to analyse GH-R expression and localization in the porcine oviduct during(More)
The cholecystokinin (CCK) family of peptides and receptors is present throughout the brain and gastrointestinal tract including pancreatic tissue. The expression of these molecules in the gut and pancreas is species-specifically regulated and the role of CCK in porcine pancreatic islet hormone secretion is still a matter of discussion. Therefore, in this(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression pattern of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), its receptor variants (FGFR1IIIc, FGFR2IIIc) and nucleolin in time-defined follicle classes before and after GnRH application and after ovulation in the cow. Ovaries containing preovulatory follicles or new corpora lutea (CL) were collected at approximately 0,(More)
The corpus luteum (CL) offers the opportunity to study high proliferative processes during its development and degradation processes during its regression. We examined the mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteases (MMP)-1, MMP-2, MMP-9, MMP-14, MMP-19, tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP)-1, TIMP-2, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), urokinase plasminogen(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON), a Fusarium toxin belonging to the trichothecene group, has been reported to produce a variety of adverse health effects in farm animals, such as inhibition of protein synthesis, reduction of feed intake, and alteration of the immune system. In pigs, the effects of increasing levels of chemically pure DON in a semisynthetic diet on(More)
Neutrophil infiltration into the porcine endometrium is thought to be a specific feature during the follicular phase of the estrous cycle. To specify the localization and distribution of neutrophil granulocytes at different stages of the estrous cycle, porcine uterine samples were evaluated by immunohistochemical methods using anti-bovine lactoferrin (LF)(More)