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The authors studied four hemiparetic patients with large unilateral periventricular brain lesions acquired during the early third trimester of pregnancy. fMRI and magnetoencephalography demonstrated that the primary somatosensory representation of their paretic hands was nevertheless located in the contralateral rolandic cortex. Thus, outgrowing(More)
Reorganization after early brain injuries is not only determined by the maturational stage of the CNS at the time of the insult (timing), but also by the structural properties, location and extent of the lesion. This study addresses the impact of different lesion extents on the type of reorganization induced in a cohort of patients with lesions of uniform(More)
It is well established that the reorganizational potential of the developing human brain is superior to that of the adult brain, but whether age-dependent differences exist already in the prenatal and perinatal period is not known. We have studied sensorimotor reorganization in 34 patients with congenital hemiparesis (age range, 5-27 years), using(More)
Right-hemispheric organization of speech has been observed following early left-sided brain lesions involving the language cortex. The authors studied speech organization in hemiparetic patients with pre- and perinatally acquired lesions in the left periventricular white matter using fMRI, and found that right-hemisphere activation correlated with left(More)
Three-dimensional MRI data sets were obtained from 12 young adult patients with congenital spastic hemiparesis caused by unilateral periventricular white matter lesions. The impact of these lesions on corticospinal projections to the upper and lower extremities was assessed on reconstructed semi-coronal planes following anatomical landmarks of somatotopic(More)
The developing human brain possesses a superior capacity to reorganize after focal lesions. This review describes mechanisms of reorganization following pre- and perinatally-acquired, unilateral brain lesions for motor, somatosensory, and language functions. In the motor system, unilateral damage to the corticospinal tract can lead to the maintenance of(More)
Coherent oscillations of neurons in the primary motor cortex (M1) have been shown to be involved in the corticospinal control of muscle activity. This interaction between M1 and muscle can be measured by the analysis of corticomuscular coherence in the beta-frequency range (beta-CMCoh; 14-30 Hz). Largely based on magnetoencephalographic (MEG)(More)
In children with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), motor dysfunction is thought to be related to involvement of pyramidal tract fibres in the periventricular white matter. The purpose of the present study was to test this hypothesis. Thirteen former preterm adolescents with PVL, ten of whom were suffering from bilateral spastic cerebral palsy, were(More)
This study investigates whether the type of corticospinal reorganization (identified by transcranial magnetic stimulation) influences the efficacy of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT). Nine patients (five males, four females; mean age 16y [SD 6y 5mo], range 11-30y) controlling their paretic hand via ipsilateral corticospinal projections from the(More)
Hemispheric dominance for language is an important issue in functional neuroimaging, particularly driven by efforts to overcome the need for the invasive Wada test, which is all the more pressing in children. Here, we aimed at developing new paradigms for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for assessment of language dominance that can be used in(More)