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Loss-of-function mutations in the ClC-1 Cl(-) channel trigger skeletal muscle hyperexcitability in myotonia congenita. For reasons that remain unclear, the severity of the myotonic symptoms can vary markedly even among patients with identical ClC-1 mutations, and may become exacerbated during pregnancy and with diuretic treatment. Since both these(More)
INTRODUCTION Experimental myotonia induced in rat muscle by ClC-1 chloride channel-inhibited has been shown to be related inversely to extracellular concentrations of Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) ([Mg(2+) ]o and [Ca(2+) ]o) within physiological ranges. Because this implicates a role for [Mg(2+)]o and [Ca(2+)]o in the variability of symptoms among myotonia congenita(More)
INTRODUCTION In myotonia congenita, loss of ClC-1 Cl- channel function results in skeletal muscle hyperexcitability and myotonia. Anti-myotonic treatment has typically targeted the voltage-gated sodium channel in skeletal muscle (Nav1.4). In this study we explored whether 3 sodium channel-modulating anti-epileptics can reduce myotonia in isolated rat and(More)
In the early 1990s, several genetically inherited disorders were found to result from trinucleotide repeat expansions (increases in the length of normally short regions of trinucleotide CNG repeats, e.g., CAG, CTG, CCG, and CGG). Huntington's disease (HD; CAG expansions), fragile X syndrome (CGG expansions), fragile XE syndrome (CCG expansions), myotonic(More)
We report a patient with paramyotonia congenita/hyperkalemic periodic paralysis due to Nav1.4 I693T mutation who had worsening of myotonia and muscle weakness in the setting of hypomagnesemia and hypocalcemia with marked recovery after magnesium administration. Computer simulations of the effects of the I693T mutation were introduced in the muscle fiber(More)
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