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Mutational studies of regions that make up the oligomeric interface within the RecA protein filament structure have shown that F217 is an important determinant of RecA function and oligomer stability. All substitutions, other than Tyr and Cys, completely inhibit RecA activities and exhibit a substantial decrease in protein filament stability [Skiba, M. C.,(More)
Assembly of RecA subunits into long, helical oligomers is required for its roles in recombinational DNA repair and homologous genetic recombination. The crystal structure of RecA reveals an extensive network of amino acid residues that lie at the subunit boundaries. We have introduced a large set of substitutions at 5 clustered residues, which are shown in(More)
While natural intoxications with seeds of Ricinus communis (R. communis) have long been known, the toxic protein ricin contained in the seeds is of major concern since it attracts attention of those intending criminal, terroristic and military misuse. In order to harmonize detection capabilities in expert laboratories, an international proficiency test was(More)
We have analyzed the oligomeric properties of a number of mutant RecA proteins containing single amino acid substitutions within one region of the subunit interface. In contrast to wild-type RecA, which forms a heterogeneous population of different-sized oligomers, we find that many of these mutant proteins exist in a more homogeneous oligomeric form, which(More)
Members of the order Mononegavirales express their genes in a transcription gradient from 3' to 5'. To assess how this impacts on expression of a foreign transgene, the haemagglutinin (HA) of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) A/chicken/Vietnam/P41/05 (subtype H5N1) was inserted between the phosphoprotein (P) and matrix protein (M), M and(More)
A quantitative proteome study using the stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture technique was performed on bovine kidney cells after infection with the alphaherpesvirus pseudorabies virus (PrV), the etiological agent of Aujeszky's disease. To enhance yields of proteins to be identified, raw extracts were fractionated by affinity solid-phase(More)
The detection and identification of botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) is complex due to the existence of seven serotypes, derived mosaic toxins and more than 40 subtypes. Expert laboratories currently use different technical approaches to detect, identify and quantify BoNT, but due to the lack of (certified) reference materials, analytical results can hardly be(More)
Ricinus communis intoxications have been known for centuries and were attributed to the toxic protein ricin. Due to its toxicity, availability, ease of preparation, and the lack of medical countermeasures, ricin attracted interest as a potential biological warfare agent. While different technologies for ricin analysis have been established, hardly any(More)
The inherited deficiency of galactosylceramide beta-galactosidase (E.C. galactocerebrosidase) activity results in globoid cell leukodystrophy in humans (Krabbe disease) and in mice (twitcher mutant). To determine whether Krabbe patients' cells complement twitcher cells to produce, in hybrid combination, greater than deficient levels of(More)
Infection of target cells by alphaherpesviruses leads to extensive modulation of host cell gene expression. To gain detailed information on the molecular pathways affected by infection of Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells with PrV, transcript analysis was combined with a stable isotope-based quantitative proteomic approach (SILAC). Four hours after(More)