Learn More
While natural intoxications with seeds of Ricinus communis (R. communis) have long been known, the toxic protein ricin contained in the seeds is of major concern since it attracts attention of those intending criminal, terroristic and military misuse. In order to harmonize detection capabilities in expert laboratories, an international proficiency test was(More)
Members of the order Mononegavirales express their genes in a transcription gradient from 3' to 5'. To assess how this impacts on expression of a foreign transgene, the haemagglutinin (HA) of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) A/chicken/Vietnam/P41/05 (subtype H5N1) was inserted between the phosphoprotein (P) and matrix protein (M), M and(More)
A quantitative proteome study using the stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture technique was performed on bovine kidney cells after infection with the alphaherpesvirus pseudorabies virus (PrV), the etiological agent of Aujeszky's disease. To enhance yields of proteins to be identified, raw extracts were fractionated by affinity solid-phase(More)
The detection and identification of botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) is complex due to the existence of seven serotypes, derived mosaic toxins and more than 40 subtypes. Expert laboratories currently use different technical approaches to detect, identify and quantify BoNT, but due to the lack of (certified) reference materials, analytical results can hardly be(More)
Ricinus communis intoxications have been known for centuries and were attributed to the toxic protein ricin. Due to its toxicity, availability, ease of preparation, and the lack of medical countermeasures, ricin attracted interest as a potential biological warfare agent. While different technologies for ricin analysis have been established, hardly any(More)
Infection of target cells by alphaherpesviruses leads to extensive modulation of host cell gene expression. To gain detailed information on the molecular pathways affected by infection of Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells with PrV, transcript analysis was combined with a stable isotope-based quantitative proteomic approach (SILAC). Four hours after(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is considered as the most promising body fluid target for the discovery of biomarkers for early diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans and bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle. For the recognition of disease-associated changes in bovine CSF protein patterns, a detailed knowledge of(More)
Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) serotypes C and D and their mosaic variants CD and DC cause severe cases of botulism in animal husbandry and wildlife. Epidemiological data on the exact serotype or toxin variant causing outbreaks are rarely available, mainly because of their high sequence identity and the lack of fast and specific screening tools to detect and(More)
  • 1