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BACKGROUND There have been no previous nationally representative estimates of the prevalence of mental disorders and drug use among adults receiving care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease in the United States. It is also not known which clinical and sociodemographic factors are associated with these disorders. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We enrolled(More)
OBJECTIVES This study estimated the proportion of HIV-infected adults who have been assaulted by a partner or someone important to them since their HIV diagnosis and the extent to which they reported HIV-seropositive status as a cause of the violence. METHODS Study participants were from a nationally representative probability sample of 2864 HIV-infected(More)
CONTEXT Studies of selected populations suggest that not all persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) receive adequate care. OBJECTIVE To examine variations in the care received by a national sample representative of the adult US population infected with HIV. DESIGN Cohort study that consisted of 3 interviews from January 1996 to January(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish population-based estimates of the prevalence of any alcohol consumption and heavy drinking among individuals who tested positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and to identify the factors associated with alcohol consumption and heavy drinking in this population. METHOD Data from the HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the impact of comorbid psychiatric symptoms in persons with HIV. This study estimates the burden on health-related quality of life associated with comorbid psychiatric conditions in a nationally representative sample of persons with HIV. METHOD The authors conducted a multistage sampling of urban and rural areas to produce(More)
PURPOSE To describe the demographic and clinical factors associated with the importance of religiousness and spirituality among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States. METHODS Longitudinal study of a nationally representative cohort of 2266 patients receiving care for HIV infection surveyed in 1996 and again in(More)
PURPOSE To measure health-related quality of life among adult patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease; to compare the health-related quality of life of adults with HIV with that of the general population and with patients with other chronic conditions; and to determine the associations of demographic variables and disease severity with(More)
OBJECTIVE This study describes the prevalence and pattern of use of psychotropic medications by HIV-positive patients receiving medical care in the United States and the search for possible predictors of use. METHOD The HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study database was analyzed. From the estimated 231,400 HIV-positive patients in medical care in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To employ the behavioral model of health services use in examining the extent to which predisposing, enabling, and need factors explain the treatment of the HIV-positive population in the United States with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). DATA SOURCE A national probability sample of 2,776 adults under treatment for human(More)
BACKGROUND Improving communication and collaboration among doctors and nurses can improve satisfaction among participants and improve patients' satisfaction and quality of care. OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of a multidisciplinary intervention on communication and collaboration among doctors and nurses on an acute inpatient medical unit. METHODS(More)