Martin Schumacher

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MOTIVATION For analyzing high-dimensional time-to-event data with competing risks, tailored modeling techniques are required that consider the event of interest and the competing events at the same time, while also dealing with censoring. For low-dimensional settings, proportional hazards models for the subdistribution hazard have been proposed, but an(More)
MRI findings in a 12-year-old boy with succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency are described. SSADH deficiency is a rare neurometabolic disorder of GABA catabolism. The clinical diagnosis is difficult and the disease is underdiagnosed. MRI showed an unusual pattern with hyperintense signal in the globus pallidus and cerebellar dentate nucleus(More)
MOTIVATION In the process of developing risk prediction models, various steps of model building and model selection are involved. If this process is not adequately controlled, overfitting may result in serious overoptimism leading to potentially erroneous conclusions. METHODS For right censored time-to-event data, we estimate the prediction error for(More)
Batch effects are the systematic non-biological differences between batches (groups) of samples in microarray experiments due to various causes such as differences in sample preparation and hybridization protocols. Previous work focused mainly on the development of methods for effective batch effects removal. However, their impact on cross-batch prediction(More)
BACKGROUND The contribution of aberrant DNA methylation in silencing of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) and microRNAs has been investigated. Since these epigenetic alterations are reversible, it became of interest to determine the effects of the 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC) demethylation therapy in breast cancer at different molecular levels. METHODS AND(More)
The area of vocal registers is still unclarified. In a previous investigation, dynamic real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is able to produce up to 10 frames per second, was successfully applied for examinations of vocal tract modifications in register transitions in male singers. In the present study, the same MRI technique was used to study(More)
MOTIVATION Graphs or networks are common ways of depicting information. In biology in particular, many different biological processes are represented by graphs, such as regulatory networks or metabolic pathways. This kind of a priori information gathered over many years of biomedical research is a useful supplement to the standard numerical genomic data(More)
BACKGROUND Multivariate ordination methods are powerful tools for the exploration of complex data structures present in microarray data. These methods have several advantages compared to common gene-by-gene approaches. However, due to their exploratory nature, multivariate ordination methods do not allow direct statistical testing of the stability of genes.(More)