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BACKGROUND Simvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, has been shown to lower serum cholesterol levels in clinical use. Moreover, statins exert beneficial effects in vascular diseases by inhibition of leukocyte rolling, adherence, and transmigration. The aim of this study was to determine if pretreatment with simvastatin(More)
Previous reports have suggested that antibodies reactive with neutrophils (ARN) are frequently detectable in patients undergoing bone marrow or blood stem cell transplantation (BMT), and that such antibodies result in steroid-responsive delayed neutrophil engraftment or steroid-responsive post-engraftment neutropenia in some patients. However, the true(More)
The differential diagnosis of unexpected neutropenia following bone marrow transplantation includes several potentially life-threatening complications including graft rejection, overwhelming infection, relapse of the underlying neoplasm, and intrinsic graft failure. However, a number of recent reports document that the differential diagnosis also includes(More)
We demonstrate that the local near-field vector and polarization state on planar antenna structures and in nanoscale antenna gaps can be determined by scattering-type near-field optical microscopy (s-SNOM). The near-field vector is reconstructed from the amplitude and phase images of the in- and out-of-plane near-field components obtained by(More)
Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy is a widely used analytical tool for chemical identification of inorganic, organic and biomedical materials, as well as for exploring conduction phenomena. Because of the diffraction limit, however, conventional FTIR cannot be applied for nanoscale imaging. Here we demonstrate a novel FTIR system that allows(More)
An unprecedented control of the spectral response of plasmonic nanoantennas has recently been achieved by designing structures that exhibit Fano resonances. This new insight is paving the way for a variety of applications, such as biochemical sensing and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Here we use scattering-type near-field optical microscopy to map(More)
We demonstrate quantitative phase mapping in confocal optical microscopy by applying synthetic optical holography (SOH), a recently introduced method for technically simple and fast phase imaging in scanning optical microscopy. SOH is implemented in a confocal microscope by simply adding a linearly moving reference mirror to the microscope setup, which(More)
We report the development of infrared-resonant antenna probes for tip-enhanced optical microscopy. We employ focused-ion-beam machining to fabricate high-aspect ratio gold cones, which replace the standard tip of a commercial Si-based atomic force microscopy cantilever. Calculations show large field enhancements at the tip apex due to geometrical antenna(More)
Phased-antenna metasurfaces can impart abrupt, spatially dependent changes to the amplitude, phase, and polarization of light and thus mold wavefronts in a desired fashion. Here we present an experimental and computational near-field study of metasurfaces based on near-resonant V-shaped antennas and connect their near- and far-field optical responses. We(More)
Synthetic optical holography (SOH) provides efficient encoding of the complex optical signal, both amplitude and phase, for scanning imaging methods. Prior demonstrations have synthesized reference fields with a plane-wave-like linear variation of the phase with position. To record large images without probe-mirror synchronization, a long-travel,(More)