Martin Schmuziger

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OBJECTIVES Open chest (OC) and subsequent delayed sternal closure (DSC) has been described as a useful method in the treatment of the severely impaired heart after cardiac surgery. METHODS Prolonged open chest was used in 142 to 3373 adult cardiac operations (4.2%) between January 1987 and December 1993. The indications were: hemodynamic compromise (121),(More)
OBJECTIVE The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is an established additional support to pharmacological treatment of the failing heart after myocardial infarction, unstable angina and cardiac surgery. The effect of preoperative IABP in high risk patients was evaluated. METHODS Between June 1994 and March 1996 all high risk patients for CABG (two or more of(More)
BACKGROUND Reoperative coronary artery bypass grafting (redo CABG) is associated with an increased operative risk compared with primary CABG. Because the hospital mortality in redo CABG is known to be influenced by poor left ventricular function (left ventricular ejection fraction < or = 0.40), unstable angina, and left main stem stenosis greater than or(More)
Mitral valve regurgitation frequently accompanies aortic valve stenosis. It has been suggested that mitral regurgitation improves after aortic valve replacement alone and that the mitral valve need not be replaced simultaneously Furthermore, mitral regurgitation associated with coronary artery disease, particularly in patients with poor left ventricular(More)
The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is an established additional support to pharmacologic treatment of the failing heart after myocardial infarction, unstable angina and cardiac surgery. The physiologic effect of IABP are: increased coronary perfusion and decreased left ventricular outflow impendance. The effects of preoperative IABP are not established.(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of preoperative intraaortic balloon pump therapy in high-risk coronary patients has been demonstrated earlier. METHODS This study investigates the economic aspect by a detailed cost analysis of pooled information from two previously published randomized studies and 144 consecutive low-risk coronary artery bypass graft operations.(More)
In recent years coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been extended to include patients with very low left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF), also frequently with co-existing mild to moderate mitral valve regurgitation (MR). The question is, should such a MR be corrected simultaneously with a myocardial revascularization or not? Between January(More)
Reactive thrombocytosis (RT) has earlier been reported to occur as a response to various situations and conditions, such as post-splenectomy, hematopoietic disorders, major trauma and operations, neoplasms and inflammations. In cardiac surgery the main interest has focused on thrombocytopenia that occurs after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and the risk of(More)
In order to identify peroperative risk factors and to evaluate different etiological factors in developing postoperative gastrointestinal complications, clinical variables were studied in 3493 patients undergoing adult cardiac surgery. There were 86 gastrointestinal complications, 2.9%, with an overall morality among these of 22.1%: the mortality rate was(More)
Adult respiratory distress syndrome, characterized by high permeability pulmonary oedema caused by endothelial cell damage, resulting in refractory hypoxemia, has a very high mortality. Cardiopulmonary bypass is said to be responsible for the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome after cardiac surgery. The present study was performed in order(More)