Martin Schmitt

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OBJECTIVE The reverse transcriptase (RT) M184V mutation within the HLA-A2-restricted HIV-1 cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitope VL9 (VIYQYMDDL; RT 179-187) not only induces drug escape against lamivudine but also abolished recognition by a CTL clone derived from a long-term non-progressor. To test whether the variant VL9 epitope containing the M184V(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine with chemokine-like functions. MIF is a critical mediator of the host immune and inflammatory response. Dysregulated MIF expression has been demonstrated to contribute to various acute and chronic inflammatory conditions as well as cancer development. More recently, MIF has been(More)
The heterozygous 32 base pair deletion of the chemokine receptor 5 (Delta32CCR5) has been associated with a more benign course of HIV-1-infection. To study the influence of Delta32CCR5 on the response to antiviral therapy we analyzed the presence of Delta32CCR5 by PCR in PBMC from 107 randomly selected HIV-1-infected patients treated with HAART for at least(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Fluoroscopy is used daily by endourologic surgeons worldwide without knowledge of received radiation doses. We wanted to assess the radiation exposure of endourologic surgeons by frequently performed endourologic interventions with an over-the-table x-ray system. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this prospective single-center study, 235(More)
PURPOSE We review the functional and oncologic outcomes of seminal vesicle and prostate capsule sparing cystectomy combined with ileal orthotopic bladder substitution. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between May 2003 to April 2009 a select group of 31 patients (median age 61 years, range 30 to 77) underwent seminal vesicle sparing cystoprostatectomy for(More)
BACKGROUND Resistance against protease inhibitors (PI) can either be analysed genotypically or phenotypically. However, the interpretation of genotypic data is difficult, particularly for PI, because of the unknown contributions of several mutations to resistance and cross-resistance. OBJECTIVE Development of an algorithm to predict PI phenotype from(More)
The introduction of potent combinations of antiviral drugs is a major breakthrough in the treatment of HIV. We investigated the long-term virologic outcome and the development of resistance after initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in drug-naive patients in daily clinical practice. Twenty-five treatment-naive HIV-1 patients were started(More)
Hypoxic tumors of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck show a consistent trend towards poor treatment outcome. We now report that tumor hypoxia in these patients is correlated with elevated antigen content of the tumor-associated serine protease uPA (urokinase-type plasminogen activator), a marker of tumor cell invasion and metastasis.