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Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a critical enzyme regulating the metabolism of folate and methionine. The potential influence of MTHFR activity on DNA methylation and on the availability of uridylates and thymidylates for DNA synthesis and repair presents MTHFR as a candidate for being a cancer-predisposing gene. In the present study, we have(More)
Macrophages and fibroblasts are two major players in tissue repair and fibrosis. Despite the relevance of macrophages and fibroblasts in tissue homeostasis, remarkably little is known whether macrophages are able to influence the properties of fibroblasts. Here we investigated the role of paracrine factors secreted by classically activated (M1) and(More)
Neovascularization by endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) for the treatment of ischaemic diseases has been a topic of intense research. The CD34(+) cell is often designated as EPC, because it contributes to repair of ischaemic injuries through neovascularization. However, incorporation of CD34(+) cells into the neovasculature is limited, suggesting another(More)
PROBLEM The purpose of this present ex vivo study is to get insight in the sex differences of the basic non-specific and specific immune response. METHOD OF STUDY Intracellular types 1 and 2 cytokine production by stimulated male and female lymphocytes and monocytes in a whole blood preparation was measured by flow cytometry. RESULTS Increased(More)
INTRODUCTION The interaction between neutrophils and activated endothelium is essential for the development of multiple organ dysfunction in patients with hemorrhagic shock (HS). Mechanical ventilation frequently is used in patients with HS. The authors sought to investigate the consequences of mechanical ventilation of mice subjected to HS on microvascular(More)
Within the phenotypically and functionally heterogeneous group of circulating progenitor cells (CPC), a subclass of cells with vascular repair potential have been identified. These CPC are detected and isolated based on single or combined expression of CD34, CD133 and VEGFR-2, and referred to as endothelial progenitor cells. Here we asked whether CPC(More)
OBJECTIVE To test whether 17beta-estradiol or progesterone influence the cytokine productive capacity of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated monocytes in humans. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Academic research institution. PATIENT(S) Seven women in the luteal phase of a normal ovarian cycle, 13 oral contraceptive users, 10 men, and 10(More)
CD34+ progenitor cells hold promise for therapeutic neovascularization in various settings. In this study, the role of human peripheral blood CD34+ cells in neovascularization and inflammatory cell recruitment was longitudinally studied in vivo. Human CD34+ cells were incorporated in Matrigel, implanted subcutaneously in nude mice, and explanted after 2, 4,(More)
Cell therapy strategies that use adult peripheral blood-derived CD34⁺ progenitor cells are hampered by low cell numbers and the infrequent cellular incorporation into the neovasculature. Hence, the use of CD34⁺ cells to treat ischaemic diseases is under debate. Interaction between CD34⁺ cells and CD14⁺ cells results in superior endothelial differentiation(More)
BACKGROUND An Alternating high- cholesterol dietary regimen has proven to be beneficial when compared to daily high- cholesterol feeding. In the current study we explored whether the same strategy is applicable to a high- fat dietary regimen. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether an alternating high- fat dietary regimen can effectively diminish insulin(More)