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Discussion Papers are intended to make results of ZEW research promptly available to other economists in order to encourage discussion and suggestions for revisions. The authors are solely responsible for the contents which do not necessarily represent the opinion of the ZEW. With low competition banks are slow to pass declining market rates through to… (More)
Acknowledgement: The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support by the German Science Foundation (DFG) as part of the research program " Governance in the European Union ". We would like to thank James Barth and Daniel Nolle as well as Swiss Re for providing us with some of the data. We are grateful for comments from Jürgen Weigand, Michael Frenkel… (More)
BACKGROUND It is well established that vicinal fluorines (RCHF-CHFR) prefer to adopt a gauche rather than an anti conformation when placed along aliphatic chains. This has been particularly recognised for 1,2-difluoroethane and extends to 2,3-difluorobutane and longer alkyl chains. It follows in these latter cases that if erythro and threo vicinal… (More)
This paper attempts to assess the Europe-wide systemic risk potential in banking. We employ a bivariate GARCH model to estimate conditional correlations between European bank stock indices. These correlations are used as an indication for the interdependencies amongst the banking business and hence for the systemic risk potential. We employ several tests to… (More)
To learn the criteria Utah physicians use in making or not making house calls and their specialty, age and frequency of calls, a random sample of half of Utah's physicians in family practice, general practice and general medicine was surveyed. Of 225 respondents, 70% reported making house calls at an average rate of 2.6 per month. More family practitioners… (More)
Diastereoisomers of bis(amino acid amides) of 2,3-difluorosuccinic acid have been prepared and the erythro- and threo-isomers display very different conformations.
Modeling and simulation of physical systems have become a substantial part in the development of mechatronic systems. A number of usage scenarios for such models like Rapid Control Prototyping and Hardware-in-the-Loop testing require simulation in real-time. To enable model execution on a hard real-time target, a number of adaptations are usually performed… (More)
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