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BACKGROUND Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a widely used method for research and visualization of the brain function. However, its clinical use is still limited. Our objective was to study fMRI reliability in localizing the primary hand motor cortex (M1) under pathological conditions caused by the proximity of a brain tumour. The results(More)
Decompressive surgery <48 h from stroke onset reduces the prevalence of mortality and morbidity from malignant supratentorial infarction. We investigated if utilization of decompressive surgery changed in the Czech Republic (CZ) after the release of new guidelines regarding treatment of malignant brain infarction. The volume of decompressive surgery in 2009(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is now widely used in neurosurgery to preoperatively delineate the course of the pyramidal tract. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the accuracy of the method by comparison with subcortical electrical stimulation and to evaluate the influence of the distance of the pyramidal tract from the tumor on the resection extent and(More)
OBJECTIVES Various reports have suggested that the involvement of normal-looking white matter with tumors is not limited to just signal abnormalities detectable on conventional imaging. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the distant effects of glioblastomas and metastases on white matter using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). MATERIALS AND(More)
Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a clinical syndrome characterized by gait disturbances, urinary incontinence and dementia. Clinical presentation overlaps with Alzheimer disease (AD). Early recognition thus early intervention (shunting) is important for successful treatment, but lack of a diagnostic test with sufficient sensitivity and specificity(More)
BACKGROUND The anatomy and somatotopy of the pyramidal tract during its course in the internal capsule has recently been discussed by many publications. However, the reports on the anatomy of the clinically more important supraventricular portion of the tract are scarce. The objective of this study is to investigate the anatomy and somatotopy of the(More)
Schwannomas of the abducens nerve are extremely rare tumors affecting cavernous, cisternal or both segments of sixth cranial nerve. Clinical features and neuroradiological imagery are frequently insufficient to reach an accurate pre-operative diagnosis. We report a patient with a cystic tumor with ring-like contrast enhancement at the right anterior(More)
BACKGROUND New brain tissue monitoring techniques (tissue oxymetry, microdialysis) provide direct information about the state of brain oxygenation and brain metabolism in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Despite this information being limited to a small region of the brain surrounding the probes, it could be associated with such global(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate in detail the effect of gadolinium contrast on diffusion tensor imaging scans. As the present literature offers conflicting results, we have included a large selection of indices in the analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixteen patients harboring an intra-axial contrast enhancing brain tumor were included(More)