Martin S Naradikian

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We have discovered a distinct mature B-cell subset that accumulates with age, which we have termed age-associated B cells. These cells comprise up to 30% of mature B cells by 22 months. Despite sharing some features with other mature B-cell subsets, they are refractory to BCR and CD40 stimulation. Instead, they respond to TLR9 or TLR7 stimulation and divide(More)
A subset of B cells with unique phenotypic and functional features-termed Age-associated B cells (ABCs)-has recently been identified in both mice and humans. These cells are characterized by a T-BET driven transcriptional program, robust responsiveness to TLR7 and TLR9 ligands, and a propensity for IgG2a/c production. Beyond their age-related accumulation,(More)
T-bet and CD11c expression in B cells is linked with IgG2c isotype switching, virus-specific immune responses, and humoral autoimmunity. However, the activation requisites and regulatory cues governing T-bet and CD11c expression in B cells remain poorly defined. In this article, we reveal a relationship among TLR engagement, IL-4, IL-21, and IFN-γ that(More)
The origin and nature of age-associated B cells (ABCs) in mice are poorly understood. In this article, we show that their emergence required MHC class II and CD40/CD40L interactions. Young donor B cells were adoptively transferred into congenic recipients and allowed to remain for 1 mo in the absence of external Ag. B cells expressing the T-bet(More)
The BAFF family of receptors and ligands controls B cell homeostasis and selection. Recent studies reveal distinct sources and roles for systemic versus locally produced BAFF. Moreover, the notion that differential BAFF receptor expression patterns establish independent homeostatic and selective niches has been strengthened. Finally, unique roles for BAFF(More)
We examined whether age alters the emergence of high-affinity germinal center B (GCB) cells and switched memory B cells (swBmem) during a primary immune response to a thymus-dependent antigen, using a novel flow cytometric assay to distinguish relative BCR affinity. In young mice, high-affinity B cells predominate in the GCB pool and comprise a smaller(More)
Absent T lymphocytes were unexpectedly found in homozygotes of a transgenic mouse from an unrelated project. T cell development did not progress beyond double-negative stage 1 thymocytes, resulting in a hypocellular, vestigial thymus. B cells were present, but NK cell number and B cell isotype switching were reduced. Transplantation of wild-type(More)
The HuR RNA-binding protein posttranscriptionally controls expression of genes involved in cellular survival, proliferation, and differentiation. To determine roles of HuR in B cell development and function, we analyzed mice with B lineage-specific deletion of the HuR gene. These HuRΔ/Δ mice have reduced numbers of immature bone marrow and mature splenic B(More)
Mature B cell pools retain a substantial proportion of polyreactive and self-reactive clonotypes, suggesting that activation checkpoints exist to reduce the initiation of autoreactive B cell responses. Here, we have described a relationship among the B cell receptor (BCR), TLR9, and cytokine signals that regulate B cell responses to DNA-containing antigens.(More)
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