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NMDA receptors (NMDARs) are thought to be tetrameric assemblies composed of NR1 and at least one type of NR2 subunit. The identity of the NR2 subunit (NR2A, -B, -C, -D) is critical in determining many of the functional properties of the receptor, such as channel conductance and deactivation time. Further diversity may arise from coassembly of more than one(More)
Median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials were recorded in 28 comatose patients, eight of whom were progressing from coma to eventual brain death and in 11 brain dead patients using electrodes over the scalp, neck and nasopharynx (nasopharyngeal electrode). This recording technique was used to assess the different derivation of brainstem P14 wave(More)
To better understand the effects of the tryptophan metabolite kynurenic acid (kynA) in the brain, we characterised its actions at five ligand-gated ion channels: NMDA, AMPA, GABA(A), glycine and alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, we found that kynA was a more potent antagonist at human NR1a/NR2A compared with(More)
The alpha7 subtype of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR) is prominently expressed in the hippocampus where it is thought to play a role in the regulation of cognitive function. In this study, we have investigated the effects of 5-hydroxyindole (5-HI), a positive modulator of the alpha7 nAChR, on GABAergic activity in hippocampal CA1 stratum(More)
NR1/NR2D NMDA receptors display unusually slow deactivation kinetics which may be critical for their role as extrasynaptic receptors. A threonine to alanine point mutation has been inserted at amino acid position 692 of the NR2D subunit (T692A). Recombinant NR1a/NR2D(T692A) NMDA receptors have been expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes and their(More)
A group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist was recently reported to be clinically efficacious against symptoms of schizophrenia [Patil, S.T., Zhang, L., Martenyi, F., Lowe, S.L., Jackson, K.A., Andreev, B.V., Avedisova, A.S., Bardenstein, L.M., Gurovich, I.Y., Morozova, M.A., Mosolov, S.N., Neznanov, N.G., Reznik, A.M., Smulevich, A.B.,(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are ligand-gated cation channels that can modulate various neuronal processes by altering intracellular Ca(2+) levels. Following nAChR stimulation Ca(2+) can enter cells either directly, through the intrinsic ion channel, or indirectly following voltage-operated Ca(2+) channel (VOCC) activation; Ca(2+)(More)
Hypotension is one of the most frequent adverse effects of spinal anesthesia. Several factors might be related to the occurrence of hypotension. Predictions of the hypotensive event, however, had been addressed by only a few authors using logistic regression (LR) models. Artificial neural networks (ANN) are pattern-recognition tools that can be used to(More)
Dose requirements of propofol to achieve loss of consciousness depend on the interindividual variability. Until now when propofol was administered by a single bolus, how to define the optimal individual dose and to assess its hypnotic effect have not been clearly studied. The goal of this study is to develop an artificial neural network model to predict the(More)
The impairment of neuronal differentiation for long-term opioid drug-exposed infants is a serious problem and there are several speculated mechanisms. We have previously reported that altering the endogenous delta opioid receptor by long-term interaction with its antagonist augmented the nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neuronal differentiation of rat(More)