Martin S. Kleiner

Learn More
This paper discusses issues in modeling C4I and cognitive processes in next generation simulations and applications to Force XXI command and control. We propose a modification to the way military operations orders are written and published to achieve simulation/C4I interoperability. We suggest that the standard five-paragraph format be retained but that(More)
Communication of command and control (C2) information for military forces is moving towards more digitized systems. As such, not only are humans consuming this information but also more and more automated systems are doing so. Most recently there has been a need to use simulations to stimulate and be stimulated by the Command, Control, Communications,(More)
This paper addresses a new approach to the longstanding problem of interoperating military command and control with combat simulations. There is great potential benefit in such a capability, both for more effective training and as a " what if " capability during military operations. We describe the Battle Management Language, an unambiguous means of(More)
Doctrine is fundamental – not only for military operations – but also for a wide variety of Civil Organizations. While Doctrine is well understood inside of the respective organizations, it is neither well understood outside, nor formally encoded, such that computer applications can consider it. This paper investigates a formalization of doctrine intended(More)
The science of Command and Control (C2) of military forces moves increasingly towards digital systems. As such, not only are humans consuming this information but also so are more automated systems. The need to use simulations to interact with Command, (C4ISR) systems is becoming more acute. The interaction is becoming less interpersonal and focused more on(More)
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Command Forces (CFOR) program has under taken the development of intelligent agents to perform the function of command and control within advanced warfighting simulations. While service-related tactics and doctrine publications provide a general description of what a commander must do, they do -not(More)
  • 1