Martin S. Kleiner

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Communication of command and control (C2) information for military forces is moving towards more digitized systems. As such, not only are humans consuming this information but also more and more automated systems are doing so. Most recently there has been a need to use simulations to stimulate and be stimulated by the Command, Control, Communications,(More)
This paper discusses issues in modeling C4I and cognitive processes in next generation simulations and applications to Force XXI command and control. We propose a modification to the way military operations orders are written and published to achieve simulation/C4I interoperability. We suggest that the standard fiveparagraph format be retained but that(More)
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Command Forces (CFOR) program has under taken the development of intelligent agents to perform the function of command and control within advanced warfighting simulations. While service-related tactics and doctrine publications provide a general description of what a commander must do, they do -not(More)
Geospatial Reasoning has been an essential aspect of military planning since the invention of cartography. Although maps have always been a focal point for developing Situational Awareness, the dawning era of Network Centric Operations brings the promise of unprecedented battlefield advantage due to improved geospatial situational awareness. Automated(More)
The science of Command and Control (C2) of military forces moves increasingly towards digital systems. As such, not only are humans consuming this information but also so are more automated systems. The need to use simulations to interact with Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) systems is(More)
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