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Airborne laser scanning (ALS) is a remote sensing technique well-suited for 3D vegetation mapping and structure characterization because the emitted laser pulses are able to penetrate small gaps in the vegetation canopy. The backscattered echoes from the foliage, woody vegetation, the terrain, and other objects are detected, leading to a cloud of points.(More)
In this paper, a new GIS workflow for fully automated building detection from airborne LiDAR data is introduced. The strengths of both raster and point cloud based methods are combined, in order to derive reliable building candidate regions serving as input for 3D building outline extraction and modeling algorithms. Input data are a normalized Digital(More)
A relative height threshold is defined to separate potential roof points from the point cloud, followed by a segmentation of these points into homogeneous areas fulfilling the defined constraints of roof planes. The normal vector of each laser point is an excellent feature to decompose the point cloud into segments describing planar patches. An object-based(More)
In this study, a semi-empirical model that was originally developed for stem volume estimation is used for aboveground biomass (AGB) estimation of a spruce dominated alpine forest. The reference AGB of the available sample plots is calculated from forest inventory data by means of biomass expansion factors. Furthermore, the semi-empirical model is extended(More)
Building outlines in cadastral maps are often created from different sources such as terrestrial surveying and photogrammetric analyses. In the latter case the position of the building wall cannot be estimated correctly if a roof overhang is present. This causes an inconsistent representation of the building outlines in cadastral map data. Laser scanning(More)
Terrestrial laser scanning provides a point cloud, but usually also the " intensity " values are available. These values are mainly influenced by the distance from sensor to object and by the object's reflection properties. We demonstrate that it is possible to retrieve these reflection properties from the observed range and the intensity value. An(More)
In recent years there has been an increasing demand among home owners for cost effective sustainable energy production such as solar energy to provide heating and electricity. A lot of research has focused on the assessment of the incoming solar radiation on roof planes acquired by, e.g., Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS). However, solar panels can also be(More)
Rapid mapping of damaged regions and individual buildings is essential for efficient crisis management. Airborne laser scanner (ALS) data is potentially able to deliver accurate information on the 3D structures in a damaged region. In this paper we describe two different strategies how to process ALS point clouds in order to detect collapsed buildings(More)
Mobile laser scanning acquires massive point clouds in urban areas to provide high resolution data for 3D city modelling. A workflow for detecting and modelling trees from point clouds is presented. Emphasis lies on data reduction using an alpha shape approach. From the reduced point cloud the parameters are extracted to model the 3D trees using the Weber(More)
As glaciers are good indicators for the regional climate, most of them presently undergo dramatic changes due to climate change. Remote sensing techniques have been widely used to identify glacier surfaces and quantify their change in time. This paper introduces a new method for glacier surface segmentation using solely Airborne Laser Scanning data and(More)