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Sociologists often describe culture as a repertoire of shared understandings. But because the meanings that social actors attribute to symbols and actions emerge from the multiple associations they make between them, delineating collectively shared understandings is not a straightforward task. Standard quantitative sociological practice, which relies on the(More)
OBJECTIVE To draw together insights from three perspectives (health economics, organizational ecology, and institutional theory) in order to clarify the factors that influence entries of providers into healthcare markets. A model centered on the concept of an organizational field is advanced as the level of analysis best suited to examining the assortment(More)
Since Simmel’s early work on forms of association, the processes guiding group composition have commanded considerable attention in structural sociology, but have not led to a general methodology for examining compositional properties. By introducing a structural event approach, this study offers a new technique that is not restricted to analysis of dyads(More)
Over the last twenty-five years, research in organizational ecology has given rise to a proliferation of mechanisms that seek to explain processes of decline and resurgence in mature industries. In this paper, I consider four of these mechanisms – including arguments concerning competitive intensity, temporal heterogeneity, population inertia, and community(More)
In the U.S. South, a free labor market rapidly—although, in some cases, only nominally— replaced the plantation system of slave labor in the years following the American Civil War. Drawing on data comprising 75,099 transactions in the antebellum period, as well as 1,378 labor contracts in the postbellum era, I examine how the valuation of black labor was(More)
Data from interviews with 17 families who have a member with mental retardation and problem behavior were reported. The interview was focused on the families' definition of problem behavior, current challenges they face, and successful approaches for helping individuals with problem behavior and their families as well as suggestions from families about what(More)
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. Social Forces 91(2) 609–634, December 2012 doi: 10.1093/sf/sos071 Advance Access publication on 26 October 2012 I thank Paul DiMaggio, Martin Ruef, Sara McLanahan, Bruce Western, David Scoones, Berkay Ozcan, Mark Granovetter, Tomas(More)
This chapter considers historical evidence and frameworks regarding entrepreneurial groups, defined as sets of individuals who are involved in initiating or managing new organizations as owner-managers, investors, advisors, or other helpers. The goals of the chapter are twofold. First, it will offer a selective history of entrepreneurial groups, addressing(More)
Demographic and organizational theories yield mixed evidence as to whether ethnic economies are a benefit or hindrance to the status attainment of residents and entrepreneurs. In this paper, we provide one possible theoretical resolution by separating the positive effects that may emanate among co-ethnic neighbors from the negative effects that may result(More)