Martin Ruef

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This paper asks how we can predict entrepreneurship, an individual's participation in the founding of a new organization. We advance a model that combines aspects of two distinct perspectives on entrepreneurship: the social structural view that sees context as the driving force in new venture formation, and the perspective that each founding is an(More)
Rider for their help in assembling the data We are also indebted to Don Palmer and the anonymous ASQ reviewers for insights and comments that greatly enhanced the paper. Direct correspondence to ABSTRACT Combining insights from organizational ecology and social network theory, we examine how the structure of relations among organizational populations(More)
Critics in market contexts are engaged in a constant struggle for legitimacy—a legitimacy which is dependent, in part, on the establishment of a rationalized and defensible system of standards for evaluating products. By appealing to such standards, critics legitimate the transfer of knowledge embodied in their evaluations and establish their contribution(More)
Over the last twenty-five years, research in organizational ecology has given rise to a proliferation of mechanisms that seek to explain processes of decline and resurgence in mature industries. In this paper, I consider four of these mechanisms – including arguments concerning competitive intensity, temporal heterogeneity, population inertia, and community(More)
This chapter probes the conditions under which we might expect an entrepreneurial middle class of independent shopkeepers, merchants, professionals, and small manufacturers to expand or decline with capitalist development. We highlight the predictions offered by structural and Marxist accounts of middle class formation and apply them critically to four(More)
* The initial inspiration for this historical review arose during a professional development workshop at the 2007 Academy of Management (AOM) conference in Philadelphia, in which I addressed the past and future of research on entrepreneurial teams. I would like to thank Howard Aldrich, Hans Landström, and Franz Lohrke for their helpful feedback on an(More)
Please do not circulate without permission of the authors. Support for data collection was provided by a grant (to Salk) from the Trent Foundation at Duke University. Meriam Thomas assisted in the data analysis. We wish to thank Abstract Since 1985 sub-national regions of member states of the European Union have opened offices in proximity to European(More)