Martin Ruef

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This chapter probes the conditions under which we might expect an entrepreneurial middle class of independent shopkeepers, merchants, professionals, and small manufacturers to expand or decline with capitalist development. We highlight the predictions offered by structural and Marxist accounts of middle class formation and apply them critically to four(More)
* The initial inspiration for this historical review arose during a professional development workshop at the 2007 Academy of Management (AOM) conference in Philadelphia, in which I addressed the past and future of research on entrepreneurial teams. I would like to thank Howard Aldrich, Mark Granovetter, Hans Landström, and Franz Lohrke for their helpful(More)
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