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BACKGROUND Transjugular placement of an intrahepatic stent is a new technique to establish a portosystemic shunt for treatment of portal hypertension. A puncture needle is advanced in a catheter through the inferior vena cava into a hepatic vein; then an intrahepatic branch of the portal vein is punctured and an expandable stent of metallic mesh is(More)
Refractory ascites is a frequent complication of advanced cirrhosis and is associated with hepatorenal syndrome and hepatic hydrothorax. Large volume paracentesis and pleurodesis are regarded as first-line treatments in patients who do not respond adequately to diuretics. These treatments, however, do not prevent recurrence and carry the risk of worsening(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Several randomized controlled trials have compared a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) with large-volume paracentesis in cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites. Although all agree that TIPS reduces the recurrence rate of ascites, survival is controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of TIPS and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatic hydrothorax is a complication of portal hypertension secondary to ascites. In this study, we investigated retrospectively the effects of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on hepatic hydrothorax refractory to diuretic treatment. METHODS Forty patients (Child-Pugh class B, 24 patients; Child-Pugh class C, 16(More)
In the 25 years since the first TIPS intervention has been performed, technical standards, indications, and contraindications have been set up. The previous considerable problem of shunt failure by thrombosis or intimal proliferation in the stent or in the draining hepatic vein has been reduced considerably by the availability of polytetrafluoroethylene(More)
BACKGROUND The role of portosystemic shunting in the treatment of the Budd-Chiari syndrome is still under debate. Medical therapy and liver transplantation are alternative treatments. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt implantation. METHODS Thirty-five patients with severe Budd-Chiari(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the use of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) and local, low-dose thrombolysis in the treatment of complete, noncavernomatous portal vein occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS TIPS implantation and portal vein recanalization was attempted in seven patients with noncavernomatous portal vein obstruction and recurrent(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with cirrhosis and ascites, creation of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt may reduce the ascites and improve renal function. However, the benefit of this procedure as compared with that of large-volume paracentesis is uncertain. METHODS We randomly assigned 60 patients with cirrhosis and refractory or recurrent ascites(More)