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The topography of lateral excitatory and lateral inhibitory connections was studied in relation to orientation maps obtained in areas 17 and 18. Small iontophoretic injections of biocytin were delivered to the superficial layers in regions where orientation selectivity had been mapped using electrode recordings of single- and multi-unit activity from(More)
People with Huntington's disease and people suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder show severe deficits in recognizing facial expressions of disgust, whereas people with lesions restricted to the amygdala are especially impaired in recognizing facial expressions of fear. This double dissociation implies that recognition of certain basic emotions may(More)
The functional topography of lateral connections to orientation-centre zones was studied by optical imaging of intrinsic signals in combination with tracer injections (fluorescent beads and biocytin) and electrophysiological recordings. Three-dimensional reconstruction of anterogradely labelled axon terminals and retrogradely labelled somata revealed a(More)
Cells of the mononuclear phagocytotic system (MPS) are often found near to or within ischemic tissue and can potentially aggravate cellular damage. Hence, visualization of those cells would allow demarcation of putatively affected from intact tissue. Experimental MRI studies have shown that ultrasmall particles of dextran-coated iron oxide (USPIO) are(More)
Dynamic measurements of local changes in relative cerebral blood volume (CBV(rel)) during a pharmacological stimulation paradigm were performed in mice. Using magnetite nanoparticles as an intravascular contrast agent, high-resolution CBV(rel) maps were obtained. Intravenous administration of the GABA(A) antagonist bicuculline prompted increases in local(More)
Stroke is a prevalent and devastating disorder, and no treatment is currently available to restore lost neuronal function after stroke. One unique therapy that improves recovery after stroke is neutralization of the neurite inhibitory protein Nogo-A. Here, we show, in a clinically relevant model, improved functional recovery and brain reorganization in the(More)
APP23 transgenic mice overexpressing amyloid precursor protein (APP751) reproduce neuropathological changes associated with Alzheimer's disease such as high levels of amyloid plaques, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, and associated vascular pathologies. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was applied to characterize brain functionality in these mice(More)
PURPOSE To examine the efficacy of FTY720 as a new agent to reduce inflammatory activity in an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS) by in vivo macrophage tracking. MATERIAL AND METHODS FTY720 was used for treatment of rats in a model of chronic relapsing experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) at an oral dose of 0.3 mg/kg/day. Magnetic(More)
A prominent hallmark of Alzheimer's disease pathology is cerebral amyloidosis. However, it is not clear how extracellular amyloid-beta peptide (A beta) deposition and amyloid formation compromise brain function and lead to dementia. It has been argued that extracellular amyloid deposition is neurotoxic and/or that soluble A beta oligomers impair synaptic(More)
Noninvasive conventional imaging methods are established technologies in modern drug discovery and development providing valuable morphological, physiological, and metabolic information to characterize disease phenotypes, to evaluate the efficacy of therapy and to identify and develop potential biomarkers for clinical drug evaluation. The development of(More)