Martin R Howell

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BACKGROUND Preventing progression from earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to end-stage kidney disease and minimizing the risk for cardiovascular events and other complications is central to the management of CKD. Patients' active participation in their own care is critical, but may be limited by their lack of awareness and understanding of CKD.(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic inflammation has been linked with reduced survival in cancer, however, the role of the host cytokine genotype versus tumour phenotype in the generation of this response is not clearly established. This study examined the relationship between cytokine polymorphisms (IL-1beta 511, IL-6 174, IL-10 1082, TNFalpha 308 and LTalpha +252) and(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of an intervention for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and a screening program for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections in male Army recruits. GOALS The goals of this study were to identify and treat chlamydia and gonorrhea infections in recruits, assess their(More)
BACKGROUND Consumer involvement in guideline development is advocated, but minimal participation, such as a nominated consumer representative on a guideline working group, can inhibit their decision-making power and contribution. Little is known about how to involve consumers more effectively in guideline development. OBJECTIVE To describe a targeted(More)
BACKGROUND Immunosuppression is associated with a number of adverse outcomes, but typically it is the physician, not the patient, who decides on the drug regimen. The perspective of the patient in clinical decision making is increasingly recognized in other settings, but the perspectives of kidney transplant recipients are largely unknown. The aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND Non-adherence to medication regimens after kidney transplantation is a major risk factor for acute rejection and graft loss, yet little is known about the perspectives of kidney transplant recipients on medicine taking. This study aimed to describe the beliefs, experiences and perspectives of kidney transplant recipients on medicine taking. (More)
BACKGROUND Increasing time on dialysis is an established risk factor for certain cancer types for patients on dialysis, but the relationship between the time on dialysis and cancer risk after transplantation is unclear. We aimed to determine if the length of time on maintenance dialysis before the first kidney transplantation was associated with the risk of(More)
Forecasting levels of stocks held by manufacturing industry is problematic. Stocks are the most volatile component of GDP. The data itself is subject to chronic revision. Yet, forecasting inventory changes in the supply chain is crucial for firms trying to manage output. The paper reports a successful approach to forecasting UK manufacturing stock behaviour(More)
BACKGROUND In the context of clinical research, investigators have historically selected the outcomes that they consider to be important, but these are often discordant with patients' priorities. Efforts to define and report patient-centered outcomes are gaining momentum, though little work has been done in nephrology. We aimed to identify patient and(More)