Martin R Goodier

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Historically, human NK cells have been identified as CD3(-)CD56(+)CD16(±) lymphocytes. More recently it has been established that CD57 expression defines functionally discrete sub-populations of NK cells. On T cells, CD57 expression has been regarded as a marker of terminal differentiation and (perhaps wrongly) of anergy and senescence. Similarly, CD57(More)
NK cells recognize and kill tumor cells and normal cells, and these play an important role in immune defense in cancer, infectious disease, and autoimmunity. NK killing is regulated by positive or negative signals derived from the interaction of surface receptors with ligands on the target cells. However, the mechanisms controlling the proliferation and(More)
Nanamolar concentrations of the immunosuppressive drug FK-506 inhibit the induction of T-lymphocyte proliferation by the lectins concanavalin A (Con A) and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA). Activation by Con A is more sensitive to inhibition than the response to PHA. FK-506 inhibits an early Ca2+-dependent step in the activation process, and its effects are not(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells differentiate and mature during the human life course; human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is a known driver of this process. We have explored human NK cell phenotypic and functional maturation in a rural African (Gambian) population with a high prevalence of HCMV. The effect of age on the frequency, absolute number, phenotype,(More)
V gamma 9+ T cells from malaria non-exposed donors make proliferative responses to Plasmodium falciparum on in vitro stimulation. V gamma 9+ cells are strongly activated by components of the schizont stage of the parasite and by antigens released into the culture upon schizogony, while CD4+V gamma 9- cells are stimulated by the earlier stages of the(More)
Peripheral blood lymphocytes from donors previously unexposed to malaria parasites proliferate in vitro when stimulated with whole parasitized red blood cells of several different strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Here we show that both cells enriched for both memory (CD45R0+) and naïve (CD45R0-) phenotype can respond. Cells involved in these responses(More)
NK cells contribute to postvaccination immune responses after activation by IL-2 from Ag-specific memory T cells or by cross-linking of the low-affinity IgG receptor, CD16, by Ag-Ab immune complexes. Sensitivity of NK cells to these signals from the adaptive immune system is heterogeneous and influenced by their stage of differentiation. CD56(dim)CD57(+) NK(More)
Plasmodium falciparum stimulates peripheral blood gamma delta + T cells from unexposed donors. The responding cells bear V gamma 9+ chains of the T cell receptor, the majority of which, but not all, are associated with V delta 2 chains. We have analyzed whether the precursor frequency of these V gamma 9+ cells approaches that expected of superantigens or(More)
Previous studies have shown that human natural killer (NK) cells are lost from the periphery and are functionally suppressed during HIV-1 infection, and that the administration of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) results in a recovery of NK cell numbers in HIV-1-infected individuals. However, despite this recovery, interleukin (IL)-2 +(More)