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PURPOSE Empathy is a key element of patient-physician communication; it is relevant to and positively influences patients' health. The authors systematically reviewed the literature to investigate changes in trainee empathy and reasons for those changes during medical school and residency. METHOD The authors conducted a systematic search of studies(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the characteristics of mentoring relationships formed between faculty and medical students. Individual mentoring relationships of clinical medical students at Munich Medical School were characterized quantitatively and qualitatively. METHODS All students signing up for the mentoring program responded to a questionnaire on(More)
PURPOSE Mentoring plays an important role in students' performance and career. The authors of this study assessed the need for mentoring among medical students and established a novel large-scale mentoring program at Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich School of Medicine. METHODS Needs assessment was conducted using a survey distributed to all(More)
OBJECTIVES A case-based, worked example approach was realised in a computer-based learning environment with the intention of facilitating medical students' diagnostic knowledge. In order to enhance the effectiveness of the approach, two additional measures were implemented: erroneous examples and elaborated feedback. In the context of an experimental study,(More)
BACKGROUND E-Learning applications are part and parcel of modern medical curricula. Despite this increasing use, the empirical basis for an optimal integration strategy of computerized teaching methods is small for medical education. In addition to general aspects of integrating e-learning into a curriculum, like feasibility, software and content(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical undergraduate medical education at the Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich (LMU) is supplemented by computerized case presentations. This educational strategy teaches problem-solving abilities and differential diagnostic reasoning, thus preparing the students for the management of actual clinical situations with real patients. This(More)
Note Finally finished! Earlier this June, the National Competence Based Catalogues of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) and Dental Education (NKLZ) were passed with overwhelming agreement at the annual meeting of the Association of Medical Faculties in Germany (MFT) [http://www.mft-online.de/files/pm_ nklm-nklz_2015-07-27.pdf,(More)
BACKGROUND During the last 5 years a fundamental curriculum reform was realized at the medical school of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University. In contrast to those efforts, the learning objectives were not defined consistently for the curriculum and important questions concerning the curriculum could not be answered. This also applied to Occupational and(More)
To compare different scoring algorithms for Pick-N multiple correct answer multiple-choice (MC) exams regarding test reliability, student performance, total item discrimination and item difficulty. Data from six 3rd year medical students' end of term exams in internal medicine from 2005 to 2008 at Munich University were analysed (1,255 students, 180 Pick-N(More)