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Strontium titanate is seeing increasing interest in fields ranging from thin-film growth to water-splitting catalysis and electronic devices. Although the surface structure and chemistry are of vital importance to many of these applications, theories about the driving forces vary widely. We report here a solution to the 3 x 1 SrTiO(3)(110) surface structure(More)
The structure of nanometer-sized strained Ge islands epitaxially grown on a Si substrate was studied using ultrasonic force microscopy (UFM), which combines the sensitivity to elastic structure of acoustic microscopy with the nanoscale spatial resolution of atomic force microscopy. UFM not only images the local surface elasticity variations between the Ge(More)
A class of nanostructured surface phases on SrTiO3(001) is reported and characterized through atomic-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy and Auger electron spectroscopy. These surface phases are created via argon ion sputtering and UHV annealing and form close-packed domains of highly ordered nanostructures. Depending on the type of nanostructures(More)
There is growing interest in ternary oxide surfaces due to their role in areas ranging from substrates for low power electronics to heterogeneous catalysis. Descriptions of these surfaces to date focus on low-temperature explanations where enthalpy dominates, and less on the implications of configurational entropy at high temperatures. We report here the(More)
The ability to select the way in which atoms and molecules self-organize on a surface is important for synthesizing nanometre scale devices. Here we show how endohedral fullerenes (Er(3)N@C(80)) can be assembled into four distinctive arrangements on a strontium titanate surface template. Each template pattern correlates to a particular reconstruction on(More)
The dynamics of nanostructured surface phases on SrTiO(3)(001) have been analysed using in situ scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) above 800 degrees C. During high-temperature annealing, the formation, growth and ordering of the nanostructures has been observed. Dilines, with a width of approximately 1 nm, are formed from a TiO(2)-rich intermediary at 800(More)
Density functional theory is used to simulate high-bias, constant-current scanning tunneling micrographs for direct comparison with experimental images. Coupled to previous spectroscopic data, these simulations are used to determine the atomic structure of Ti-rich nanostructures on strontium titanate (001) surfaces. These nanostructures have three(More)
Processing the SrTiO(3)(001) surface results in the self-assembly of reduced titanate nanowires whose widths are approximately 1 nm. We have imaged these nanowires and their defects at elevated temperatures by atomic resolution scanning tunneling microscopy. The nanowire structure is modeled with density functional theory, and defects observed in the center(More)
We have investigated the vapor phase growth of Au on SrTiO3(001)-(2 x 1) substrates by UHV scanning tunneling microscopy. Submonolayer (ML) coverages below 300 degrees C wet the surface as disordered metastable 2D islands. Beyond 0.75 ML fcc nanocrystals with a (111) interface are nucleated and ripen by dewetting the surrounding layer. Some multiply twinned(More)