Martin R Carby

Learn More
BACKGROUND Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is the major cause of late graft failure after lung transplantation. The objective was to determine whether de novo donor human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-specific antibodies (DSA) are associated with the development of BOS or patient survival. Data were analyzed from 188 lung transplant recipients with a(More)
BACKGROUND Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is a novel approach for extended evaluation and/or reconditioning of donor lungs not meeting standard International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation criteria for transplantation. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated 13 consecutive EVLP runs between January 2009 and December 2010. Lungs rejected for(More)
Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are a major cause of death in organ transplant patients. The murine hydrocortisone-mediated immunosuppression model of pulmonary aspergillosis is commonly used to characterise IFIs in these patients. However, this model does not take into account the effects of calcineurin inhibitors on transplant immunity to IFIs or the(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To update readers on current recommendations for timing of lung transplantation in individuals with end-stage cystic fibrosis lung disease and on the rationale behind listing decisions. RECENT FINDINGS Guidelines for the referral and selection of patients suitable for lung transplantation were recently updated by the pulmonary council of(More)
BACKGROUND The risk-benefit for utilizing cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) in lung transplantation (LTx) remains debatable. This study compares outcomes after LTx utilizing different CPB strategies - elective CPB vs. off-pump vs. off-pump with unplanned conversion to CPB. METHODS A total of 302 LTx performed over seven yr were divided into three groups:(More)
Disseminated varicella-zoster virus infection after organ transplantation in adults is a rare but serious event causing significant morbidity and mortality. We describe our 10-year experience of 13 cases in a single center, including risk factors for infection, lack of protection from pre-existing anti-varicella-zoster virus antibodies, and unusual modes of(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the safety of anti-reflux surgery for lung transplant recipients and assess its effect on lung function. METHODS We retrospectively collected and analyzed data from all lung transplant recipients who underwent anti-reflux surgery at St Mary's Hospital London from July 2005 to May 2012. The indications for(More)
BACKGROUND Traditionally, patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are sedated and mechanically ventilated, which increases risk of complications related to immobility and mechanical ventilation. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and highlight the benefits of a bridge to lung transplant (LTx) using "awake ECMO" support.(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term survival after lung transplantation (LTx) is limited largely by bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is proposed as a risk factor for BOS development. This study investigates the relationship between BOS and GERD measured by esophageal impedance. METHODS After the initiation of routine(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of Luminex-detected HLA antibodies on outcomes after lung transplantation is unclear. Herein we have undertaken a retrospective study of pre-transplant sera from 425 lung transplants performed between 1991 and 2003. METHODS Pre-transplant sera, originally screened by complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) assays, were(More)