Martin R. Boocock

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Site-specific recombination reactions bring about controlled rearrangements of DNA molecules by cutting the DNA at precise points and rejoining the ends to new partners. The recombinases that catalyse these reactions can be grouped into two families by amino acid sequence homology. We describe our current understanding of how these proteins catalyse(More)
Site-specific recombination typically occurs only between DNA sequences that have co-evolved with a natural recombinase enzyme to optimize sequence recognition, catalytic efficiency, and regulation. Here, we show that the sequence recognition and the catalysis functions of a recombinase can be specified by unrelated protein domains. We describe chimeric(More)
Catalysis of DNA recombination by Tn3 resolvase is conditional on prior formation of a synapse, comprising 12 resolvase subunits and two recombination sites (res). Each res binds a resolvase dimer at site I, where strand exchange takes place, and additional dimers at two adjacent 'accessory' binding sites II and III. 'Hyperactive' resolvase mutants, that(More)
The resolvase Sin regulates DNA strand exchange by assembling an elaborate interwound synaptosome containing catalytic and regulatory Sin tetramers, and an architectural DNA-bending protein. The crystal structure of the regulatory tetramer was recently solved, providing new insights into the structural basis for regulation. Here we describe the selection(More)
The herbicide glyphosate (N-phosphonomethyl glycine) is a potent reversible inhibitor of the 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase activity of the purified arom multienzyme complex from Neurospora crassa. Inhibition of the EPSP synthase reaction by glyphosate is competitive with respect to phosphoenolpyruvate, with K(i) 1.1 microM, and(More)
An essential feature of many site-specific recombination systems is their ability to regulate the direction and topology of recombination. Resolvases from the serine recombinase family assemble an interwound synaptic complex that harnesses negative supercoiling to drive the forward reaction and promote recombination between properly oriented sites. To(More)
In order to investigate the functions of the parts of the Tn 3 recombination site res, we created hybrid recombination sites by placing the loxP site for Cre recombinase adjacent to the "accessory" resolvase-binding sites II and III of res. The efficiency and product topology of in vitro recombination by Cre between two of these hybrid sites were affected(More)
The serine recombinase Tn3 resolvase catalyses recombination between two 114 bp res sites, each of which contains binding sites for three resolvase dimers. We have analysed the in vitro properties of resolvase variants with 'activating' mutations, which can catalyse recombination at binding site I of res when the rest of res is absent. Site I x site I(More)
In site-specific recombination reactions catalyzed by Tn3 resolvase, the right and left arms of the res site are always religated to the correct partner. This poses the problem of how resolvase aligns the two sites correctly for the cleavage/religation reaction. We show that the "accessory" binding subsites II and III of res are important for correct(More)
The Staphylococcus aureus transposon Tn552 encodes a protein (p480) containing the 'D,D(35)E' motif common to retroviral integrases and the transposases of a number of bacterial elements, including phage Mu, the integron-containing element Tn5090, Tn7 and IS3. p480 and a histidine-tagged derivative were overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified by(More)