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Journals and Conferences
Two monoclonal antibodies, AXO 49 and TAP 952, probed with carboxy-terminal peptides from Paramecium axonemal tubulin and with polyglycylated synthetic peptides, are found to recognize differently tubulin polyglycylation, the most recently identified posttranslational modification discovered in Paramecium axonemal tubulin. With these antibodies, we show… (More)
Deprotection peak profiles have been determined as a measure of internal aggregation during Fmoc-polyamide continuous flow solid phase synthesis. The results have been correlated with amino-acid structure and discussed in terms of minimising aggregation during synthesis.
The Plasmodium falciparum cysteine peptidases FP-2 (falcipain-2) and FP-3 (falcipain-3), members of the papain-like CAC1 family, are essential haemoglobinases and are therefore potential anti-malarial drug targets. To facilitate a rational drug discovery programme, in the current study we analysed the synthetic substrate and model inhibitor profiles of FP-2… (More)
Case studies of the solid-phase synthesis of some 'difficult sequences' using continuous-flow Fmoc-polyamide techniques are presented. Solvent change and peptide side chain and backbone modification procedures recently found to reduce association effects are applied, and the results compared to syntheses under standard conditions.
2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzyl-amino acid residues inhibit interchain association in solid phase peptide synthesis. They are easily introduced through their N,O-bisFmoc derivatives. Preparation of a range of these derivatives is described.
Analogues of beta-amyloid (32-42) peptide, containing N-(2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzyl) (Hmb) amide backbone substitutions at various positions have been prepared using fluoren-9-ylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc)-polyamide based solid phase peptide synthesis. On-line N alpha-Fmoc deprotection monitoring during assembly exhibited hindered release in the native and beta… (More)
The solid (gel)-phase peptide synthesis of peptides, each containing an azaglutamine residue, has been examined. Procedures using various mono-, di- and tripeptide and carbazate fragments containing or relating to an azaglutamine (1) residue have been evaluated. N-Activation of the amino-terminus of a resin-bound peptide with… (More)
Prototype irreversible inhibitors of the cysteinyl protease Der p I were designed, synthesised and evaluated in vitro. Candidates were designed using a modular approach, whereby a peptide sequence was appended with known thiophilic moieties. This hinged on utilizing peptide sequences from substrate specificity data compiled using proprietary RAPiD… (More)
The synthesis of a 36-residue fragment of HIV integrase by standard Fmoc-polyamide chemistry was unsuccessful (Trt-protected Cys) or difficult (Acm-protected Cys); after 10-12 couplings, deprotection became hindered and a major portion (30%-50%) of the growing peptide chains became inaccessible to reagents. The synthesis was repeated using… (More)
The ability to selectively conjugate carbohydrate molecules to a protein is a key step in the preparation of conjugate vaccines, while facile methods for linking carbohydrates to polymers or solid surfaces to produce diagnostic probes and functional microarrays are also sought. Here, we describe a simple, single-step method of producing glycosylhydrazides… (More)