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Vaccination against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) requires an immunogen which will elicit a protective immunity against viruses that show a high degree of genetic polymorphism. Therefore, the identification of neutralizing epitopes which are shared by many strains would be useful. In previous studies, we established a human monoclonal antibody(More)
We have isolated and characterized human monoclonal antibody 2G12 to the gp120 surface glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). This antibody potently and broadly neutralizes primary and T-cell line-adapted clade B strains of HIV-1 in a peripheral blood mononuclear cell-based assay and inhibits syncytium formation in the AA-2 cell line.(More)
Electrofusion and EBV transformation were studied by immortalizing human PBLs from blood of HIV-1-positive volunteers. A panel of 33 cell lines producing human monoclonal antibodies (Hu-MAbs) against HIV-1 was established by cell fusion or EBV transformation. For the first fusion experiments the source of B lymphocytes was peripheral blood of HIV-1-infected(More)
We have established a panel of human monoclonal antibodies against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The antibodies 2F5 and 2G12 have been identified to be two of the most potently in vitro neutralizing antibodies against HIV-1. Here we report on a further antibody, 4E10, of similar in vitro neutralizing potency. 4E10 binds to a novel epitope C(More)
We have established a hybridoma clone, designated 2F5, secreting a neutralizing human monoclonal antibody (MAb) specific for gp41 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The epitope of MAb 2F5 was mapped to amino acid sequence Glu-Leu-Asp-Lys-Trp-Ala on the ectodomain of gp41. In this study different in vitro test systems were used to characterize(More)
Previously we identified the highly conserved amino acids Glu-Leu-Asp-Lys-Trp-Ala (ELDKWA) on the ecto-domain of gp41 as the epitope of a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (2F5) directed against human immunodeficiency virus type 1. In the present study, the sequence defining the epitope was introduced into the loop of antigenic site B of the influenza virus(More)
In view of the high antigenic variability of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), a vaccine against AIDS must induce an immune response to epitopes as invariable as possible among the various virus strains and clones. Previously the highly conserved six amino acid sequence Glu-Leu-Asp-Lys-Trp-Ala (ELDKWA) from gp41, defining the epitope of the human(More)
The human monoclonal antibody (humAb) 2F5 is a potent candidate for immunotherapy of HIV-1. The xenohybridoma derived humAb 2F5 is of IgG3 kappa isotype. Generally, IgG1 isotype has a longer half-life (beta-clearance) in humans than IgG3. Therefore the isotype was switched to an IgG1 by ligation of the 2F5 heavy chain variable region to an IgG1 constant(More)
Previously, we constructed a chimeric influenza virus that expresses the highly conserved amino acid sequence ELDKWA of gp41 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Antisera elicited in mice by infection with this chimeric virus showed neutralizing activity against distantly related HIV-1 isolates (T. Muster, R. Guinea, A. Trkola, M. Purtscher, A.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether variations of the conserved gp41 amino-acid sequence ELDKWA affect its binding or neutralization by monoclonal antibody (MAb) 2F5. DESIGN AND METHODS Neutralization assays were performed with primary isolates from different HIV-1 subtypes and the sequences corresponding to the 2F5 epitope region were analysed. Studies of(More)