Learn More
This paper compares samples of 15-16-year-olds from the UK and France on their usage of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs and also seeks to describe the associations between alcohol and other drug use with "family variables" within the two countries. Compared to UK adolescents, French adolescents showed a slightly higher rate of cigarette smoking, were(More)
During 1988 and 1989 a survey was conducted of the drinking habits and alcohol-related beliefs of a national sample of teenagers in England. Data were obtained from 6,244 respondents virtually all aged 14-16. Heavy drinkers were significantly more likely to report drinking in a mixed sex group than were other teenagers. They were also more likely than(More)
Beginning with France in the 1950s, alcohol consumption has decreased in Southern European countries with few or no preventive alcohol policy measures being implemented, while alcohol consumption has been increasing in Northern European countries where historically more restrictive alcohol control policies were in place, even though more recently they were(More)
An account is presented of a survey of self-reported substance use among 839 adolescents in the Western Isles (Outer Hebrides) of Scotland. The study group was aged 13-16. The drinking habits of those surveyed were extremely polarised. Results showed that while only 81.2% had ever used alcohol, nearly 40% of males and a third of females reported having(More)
The impact of the changes in Scotland's liquor licensing laws was assessed by comparing trends in alcohol related problems in Scotland with those in England and Wales. The study showed no appreciable effect on the level of alcohol related morbidity and mortality, though some improvements were noted in relation to the rates of convictions for drunkenness.(More)
The usefulness of serum-gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase (gamma-GT) and mean cell volume (MCV) as markers of alcohol consumption was assessed in men in employment (266 company directors and 222 manual workers in alcohol-production firms) and in 34 male alcoholic patients. The correlations of admitted consumption with gamma-GT were 0.307 (directors) and 0.418(More)
The association between alcohol consumption and AIDS risks is examined. It is concluded that chronic heavy drinking or alcohol consumption levels consistent with alcohol dependence or alcohol-related liver disease does damage the immune system. In addition alcohol consumption influences sexual behaviour for a variety of psychological, social and physical(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine patterns of self reported drinking, smoking, and illicit drug use among a representative United Kingdom sample of people born in 1979. DESIGN Cross sectional, single phase survey based on a stratified cluster sample of 70 United Kingdom secondary schools during March and April 1995. Pupils completed a 406 item standardised(More)