Martin Pfaffendorf

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1. The inhibitory effects of methylene blue (MB) on different types of cholinesterases and [3H]-N-methylscopolamine ([3H]-NMS) binding to muscarinic receptors were studied. 2. Human plasma from young healthy male volunteers, purified human pseudocholinesterase and purified bovine true acetylcholinesterase were incubated with acetylcholine and increasing(More)
T-type calcium channels may be involved in the maintenance of myogenic tone. We tested their role in isolated rat cremaster arterioles obtained after CO(2) anesthesia and decapitation. Total RNA was analyzed by RT-PCR and Southern blotting for calcium channel expression. We observed expression of voltage-operated calcium (Ca(V)) channels Ca(V)3.1 (T-type),(More)
1. This study was designed to investigate the mechanism(s) of the negative inotropic effects of alpha1-adrenoceptor agonists observed in rat isolated left atria after exposure to free radicals. 2. Ouabain and calphostin C were used in contraction experiments to block the sodium pump and protein kinase C. Methoxamine-induced phospholipase C and Na+/K+ ATPase(More)
Oxygen derived free radicals and other reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in a variety of disease states, which can have cardiac and vascular implications. The present study was performed to investigate the mechanism of ROS-induced vasoconstriction and the influence of ROS on the functional integrity of isolated rat thoracic aorta. ROS were(More)
BACKGROUND In the pithed rat model, endogenously generated angiotensin (Ang) II can enhance sympathetic neurotransmission by acting on Ang II type 1 (AT1) receptors that are located on sympathetic nerve terminals. OBJECTIVE To compare the inhibitory potency of candesartan, valsartan, eprosartan and embusartan in blocking presynaptically and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate whether diabetes and hypertension cause additive effects in the responses to various vasoconstrictor and vasodilator agents, in isolated perfused kidneys obtained from streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and from diabetic spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS SHR and WKY rats(More)
The purpose of the present study was to identify the angiotensin II-receptor subtype involved in the enhancement of the amplitude of the phasic contractions by angiotensin II in the isolated rat portal vein preparation. At an extracellular Ca2+ concentration of 0.9 mmol/l and a K+ concentration of 4 mmol/l, angiotensin II induced concentration-dependent(More)
Effects of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonists eprosartan and candesartan and AT2 receptor antagonist PD123319 on Ang II-induced facilitation of noradrenergic neurotransmission were investigated in isolated rabbit mesenteric artery under isometric conditions. Sympathoinhibitory potency of AT1 blockers was compared with their potency concerning(More)
Angiotensin (AT) II is known to enhance responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS) via AT1 receptors located on sympathetic nerve terminals. Differences in potency exist between AT1 receptor antagonists regarding the inhibition of the prejunctional and postjunctional AT1 receptors. It is hypothesized that prejunctional AT1 receptors might belong to the(More)
The influence of vascular endothelium on angiotensin II-induced contraction and the underlying mechanisms in the rabbit renal artery were investigated. In endothelium-intact preparations, angiotensin II (3-100 nM) caused a concentration-dependent increase in tension by maximally (Emax) 0.74 +/- 0.05 g. Removal of the endothelium significantly enhanced the(More)