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A gene trap-type targeting vector was designed to inactivate the beta 1 integrin gene in embryonic stem (ES) cells. Using this vector more than 50% of the ES cell clones acquired a disruption in the beta 1 integrin gene and a single clone was mutated in both alleles. The homozygous mutant did not produce beta 1 integrin mRNA or protein, while alpha 3, alpha(More)
The alpha4 integrins are indispensable for embryogenesis, haematopoiesis and immune responses, possibly because alpha4 regulates cellular functions differently from other integrins through its cytoplasmic tail. We used novel mimics of the alpha4 tail to identify molecules that could account for alpha4-specific signalling. Here we report that the alpha4(More)
Rapid modulation of ligand binding affinity ("activation") is a central property of the integrin cell adhesion receptors. Using a screen for suppressors of integrin activation, we identified the small GTP-binding protein, H-Ras, and its effector kinase, Raf-1, as negative regulators of integrin activation. H-Ras inhibited the activation of integrins with(More)
In Rous sarcoma virus (RSV)-transformed baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells, invadopodia can self-organize into rings and belts, similarly to podosome distribution during osteoclast differentiation. The composition of individual invadopodia is spatiotemporally regulated and depends on invadopodia localization along the ring section: the actin core assembly(More)
For a comparative study of the humoral immunity of patients with gastric signet-ring cell carcinoma, lymphocytes from spleen and lymph nodes were fused with the heteromyeloma SPM4-0. Immunoglobulin-producing clones were primarily tested in binding assays on autologous and allogeneic tumor cells and tissues. One of the resulting human monoclonal antibodies,(More)
To obtain suitable cell lines for the immortalisation of human lymphocytes, we constructed a heteromyeloma between the murine myeloma Ag8 and human lymphocytes from a highly malignant polymorphic, centroblastic B-cell lymphoma. The thioguanine-resistant and HAT-sensitive heteromyeloma HAB-1 neither secretes nor contains cytoplasmatic immunoglobulins, the(More)
Administration of the photoactivable compound chlorpromazine (CPZ) to SKH-1 hairless mice via their drinking water (CPZ, 0.01%) significantly reduced the rates of accumulation and yields of squamous cell carcinomas induced by long-term repeated exposures of these animals to solar UV radiation. This protective effect of CPZ was partially reversed in mice(More)
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