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The bacterial pathogen Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae (P. l. larvae), is the etiological agent of American foulbrood, an extremely contagious and disastrous disease of honeybee brood. In case of American foulbrood the destruction of infected colonies is often considered the only workable control measure. Therefore, the ability to diagnose this disease(More)
Tularemia is a zoonotic disease caused by Francisella tularensis that has been found in many different vertebrates. In Germany most human infections are caused by contact with infected European brown hares (Lepus europaeus). The aim of this study was to elucidate the epidemiology of tularemia in hares using phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of F.(More)
To clarify whether red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) can be final hosts of Neospora caninum, foxes and dogs were fed in parallel on tissues of a sheep and a goat experimentally infected with N. caninum. The faeces of at least two of five dogs contained N. caninum oocysts, as determined by bioassay. In the faeces of all six foxes fed in parallel, oocysts were(More)
Leishmaniasis is a rare, non-notifiable disease in Germany. Epidemiological and clinical data, therefore, are scarce. Most infections seen in Germany are contracted outside the country. The German surveillance network for imported infectious diseases (Surveillance Importierter Infektionen in Deutschland, or SIPMID) recorded 42 cases of imported(More)
Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is a recently discovered Bunyavirus associated mainly with abortions, stillbirths and malformations of the skeletal and central nervous system (CNS) in newborn ruminants. In this study, a detailed immunophenotyping of the inflammatory cells of the CNS of affected animals was carried out in order to increase our understanding of SBV(More)
BACKGROUND Coxiella burnetii is the causative agent of Q-fever, a widespread zoonosis. Due to its high environmental stability and infectivity it is regarded as a category B biological weapon agent. In domestic animals infection remains either asymptomatic or presents as infertility or abortion. Clinical presentation in humans can range from mild flu-like(More)
Technical Appendix. Absolute numbers and percentages of animals that were positive for Schmallenberg virus according to in situ hybridization (ISH) in relation to central nervous system inflammation and occurrence of skeletal and brain malformations. Data refer to absolute numbers of 82 small and large ruminants that were positive for Schmallenberg virus by(More)
The ectodysplasin 1 gene ( ED1) encodes a signaling molecule of the tumor necrosis factor family that is involved in fetal development of ectodermal appendages. Mutations in the ED1 gene are responsible for X-linked anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia characterized by impaired development of hair, teeth, and eccrine sweat glands in human, mouse, and cattle. Two(More)
In November 2012, a group of 7 persons who participated in a hare hunt in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, acquired tularemia. Two F. tularensis subsp. holarctica isolates were cultivated from human and hare biopsy material. Both isolates belonged to the FTN002-00 genetic subclade (derived for single nucleotide polymorphisms B.10 and B.18), thus indicating(More)