Martin P Boland

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 The aim of the present study was to describe in detail the changes occurring in the cytoplasmic ultrastructure of the bovine oocyte from the onset of growth in the primordial follicle until the completion of growth in the tertiary follicle. Bovine oocytes from primordial, primary, secondary and early to mid-antral follicles were processed and analysed by(More)
Beta-cleavage of the neurodegenerative disease-associated prion protein (PrP) protects cells from death induced by oxidative insults. The beta-cleavage event produces two fragments, designated N2 and C2. We investigated the role of the N2 fragment (residues 23-89) in cellular stress response, determining mechanisms involved and regions important for this(More)
Although the N terminus of the prion protein (PrP(C)) has been shown to directly associate with lipid membranes, the precise determinants, biophysical basis, and functional implications of such binding, particularly in relation to endogenously occurring fragments, are unresolved. To better understand these issues, we studied a range of synthetic peptides:(More)
The skin secretions of amphibians are rich in host defence peptides. The membrane interactions of the antimicrobial peptides, aurein 1.2, citropin 1.1 and maculatin 1.1, isolated from Australian tree frogs, are reviewed. Although all three peptides are amphipathic alpha-helices, the mode of action of these membrane-active peptides is not defined. The(More)
Skin secretions of numerous Australian tree frogs contain antimicrobial peptides that form part of the host defense mechanism against bacterial infection. The mode of action of these antibiotics is thought to be lysis of infectious organisms via cell membrane disruption, on the basis of vesicle-encapsulated dye leakage data [Ambroggio et al. (2005) Biophys.(More)
The solution structure of cupiennin 1a, a 35 residue, basic antibacterial peptide isolated from the venom of the spider Cupiennius salei, has been determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The peptide was found to adopt a helix-hinge-helix structure in a membrane mimicking solvent. The hinge may play a role in allowing the amphipathic(More)
The prion protein (PrP), widely recognized to misfold into the causative agent of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, has previously been shown to bind to lipid membranes with binding influenced by both membrane composition and pH. Aside from the misfolding events associated with prion pathogenesis, PrP can undergo various posttranslational(More)
The skin secretions of Australian tree frogs are rich in peptides with potential antimicrobial activity. They interrupt bacterial cell membranes, although precisely how and whether all peptides have the same mechanism is not known. The interactions of three of these peptides-aurein 1.2, maculatin 1.1, and caerin 1.1 with supported phospholipid bilayers-are(More)
Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), p53 and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins are transcription factors that are known to regulate cell fate in response to apoptotic stimuli. They may, therefore, represent components of drug responses that determine drug efficacy. This review will describe data illustrating some recent progress(More)
Uncommon and controversial structures in cattle oocytes were studied in dominant and subordinate follicles of unstimulated Bos taurus and zebu (Bos indicus), and in FSH-stimulated B. taurus cattle, before or after administration of cloprostenol. Growing oocytes were very rare in follicles more than or equal to 5 mm in diameter. For the first time, special(More)