Martin Ortler

Learn More
The influence of sustained epileptic seizures evoked by intraperitoneal injection of kainic acid on the gene expression of the neuropeptides somatostatin and neuropeptide Y and on the damage of neurons containing these peptides was studied in the rat brain. Injection of kainic acid induced an extensive loss of somatostatin and, though less pronounced, of(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) immunoreactivity and gene expression was investigated in the hippocampus after kainic acid-induced seizures and pentylenetetrazol kindling in the rat. Pronounced increases of NPY immunoreactivity were found in the terminal field of mossy fibers in both animal models. In kainic acid-treated rats the peptide progressively accumulated in(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the compatibility of magnetically adjustable cerebrospinal fluid valves with clinical magnetic resonance imaging. Torque acting on the valves, subjective sensations of valve-carrying volunteers, extension of artifacts on acquired images, changes in valve pressure setting, and accurate valve function after repeated exposure to the(More)
 We present clinical details of three patients with posterior fossa haemorrhage after supratentorial surgery and discuss possible pathomechanisms of this rare complication. All patients were males of advanced age. Two patients presented with a history of hypertension. In all patients the occurence of haemorrhage was associated with loss/removal of large(More)
Spinal cord compression due to extradural and subdural haemorrhage is a neurosurgical emergency. Differences in clinical presentation in relation to localisation of the haematoma, value of MRI as a diagnostic tool, surgical treatment, and prognosis were investigated in a retrospective case series of eight patients with extradural (n = four) and subdural (n(More)
OBJECTIVE Semi-invasive foramen ovale electrodes (FOEs) are used as an alternative to invasive recording techniques in the presurgical evaluation of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. To maximize patient safety and interventional success, frameless stereotactic FOE placement by use of a variation of an upper jaw fixation device with an external fiducial(More)
BACKGROUND Brain biopsies (BB) and depth electrode placements (DEP) are increasingly performed using frameless stereotactic targeting devices. This paper is intended to provide a comprehensive review of the technical features, targeting errors and clinical results. METHODS A PubMed literature search from 1995-2010 was performed. RESULTS (A) Modified(More)
BACKGROUND Acute neurological deficits after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) correlate with outcome, and a phase of acute hypoperfusion was characterized recently. Indocyanine green (ICG) videography is an established intraoperative imaging technique with important descriptive potential. OBJECTIVE To analyze whether ICG can be used to analyze and confirm(More)
Vagus nerve stimulation has become widely used in the palliative treatment of refractory epilepsy. Removal of a vagus nerve stimulator may be desirable or even necessary due to lack of efficacy, intolerable side effects, signs of infection, or failure of the device. Unless the lead or the helical electrodes are defective, only the generator is explanted and(More)
Cranial nerves (CNs) crossing between the brainstem and skull base at the level of the tentorial hiatus may be at risk in temporomesial surgery involving subpial dissection and/or tumorous growth leading to distorted anatomy. We aimed to identify the surgical steps most likely to result in CN damage in this type of surgery. Electromyographic responses(More)