Learn More
We report a straightforward method to produce high-quality nitrogen-doped graphene on SiC(0001) using direct nitrogen ion implantation and subsequent stabilization at temperatures above 1300 K. We demonstrate that double defects, which comprise two nitrogen defects in a second-nearest-neighbor (meta) configuration, can be formed in a controlled way by(More)
A reciprocal regulation between the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-10, demonstrated in monocytes and mesangial cells, provides a rationale for new therapeutic approaches in glomerulonephritis (GN). Administration of IL-10 to mice with antibody-mediated GN attenuated the severity of glomerular lesions. Recently, however,(More)
Atomic force microscopy is capable of resolving the chemical structure of a single molecule on a surface. In previous research, such high resolution has only been obtained at low temperatures. Here we demonstrate that the chemical structure of a single molecule can be clearly revealed even at room temperature. 3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic dianhydride,(More)
First-principles calculations show that the rich variety of image patterns found in carbon nanostructures with the atomic force and scanning tunneling microscopes can be rationalized in terms of the chemical reactivity of the tip and the distance range explored in the experiments. For weakly reactive tips, the Pauli repulsion dominates the atomic contrast(More)
Ayhan Yurtsever,1,2,* Yoshiaki Sugimoto,1 Hideki Tanaka,1 Masayuki Abe,1,3 Seizo Morita,1,2 Martin Ondráček,4 Pablo Pou,5 Rubén Pérez,5,6 and Pavel Jelı́nek4,† 1Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada Oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan 2The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, 8-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka(More)
Chemical identification of individual atoms in mixed In-Sn chains grown on a Si(100)-(2 × 1) surface was investigated by means of room temperature dynamic noncontact AFM measurements and DFT calculations. We demonstrate that the chemical nature of each atom in the chain can be identified by means of measurements of the short-range forces acting between an(More)
How electronic charge is distributed over a molecule determines to a large extent its chemical properties. Here, we demonstrate how the electrostatic force field, originating from the inhomogeneous charge distribution in a molecule, can be measured with submolecular resolution. We exploit the fact that distortions typically observed in high-resolution(More)
The effect of tip chemical reactivity on the lateral manipulation of intrinsic Si adatoms toward a vacancy site on a Si(111)-(7 × 7) surface has been investigated by noncontact atomic force microscopy at room temperature. Here we measure the atom-hopping probabilities associated with different manipulation processes as a function of the tip-surface distance(More)
In this paper, we show that simultaneous noncontact atomic force microscopy (nc-AFM) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) is a powerful tool for molecular discrimination on the Si(111)-7 × 7 surface, even at room temperature. Using density functional theory modeling, we justify this approach and show that the force response allows us to distinguish(More)
Chemical doping is one of the most suitable ways of tuning the electronic properties of graphene and a promising candidate for a band gap opening. In this work we report a reliable and tunable method for preparation of high-quality boron and nitrogen co-doped graphene on silicon carbide substrate. We combine experimental (dAFM, STM, XPS, NEXAFS) and(More)