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The intention of this study was to identify the pretreatment characteristics predicting for the survival, objective response and symptom relief in patients with non-resectable, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) managed in the Lung Unit at the Royal Marsden Hospital. This analysis included 290 patients with advanced NSCLC generally treated with a(More)
The risk of idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) in patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) undergoing high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) is significant, and once developed IPS is potentially fatal. The aim of this study was to quantify this risk accurately and determine prognostic factors for its development and course. Using a computerized database, all patients(More)
Although Freund's adjuvant has been used for decades as an immune enhancer in rabbits, adverse physiologic side effects have prompted the search for more suitable alternatives. We used osteocalcin, a bovine bone protein (M.W. 5,800), as the test antigen to evaluate four adjuvant regimens: a) primary inoculation with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) followed(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the absorption and transport of phylloquinone (vitamin K1) by plasma lipoproteins. Twenty-six healthy subjects (11 men and 15 women) aged 20-78 y received phylloquinone in the amount of either 1.43 or 50 microg/kg body wt orally with a fat-rich meal containing 1.0 g/kg body wt of fat, carbohydrate, and protein(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with cystic fibrosis are at risk for impaired vitamin K status due to fat malabsorption from pancreatic insufficiency. This study was designed to assess vitamin K status and measure the effect of vitamin K1 supplementation in cystic fibrosis patients. METHODS Eighteen outpatients participated in a crossover study to determine the(More)
A subclinical vitamin K deficiency was induced in 32 healthy subjects (four groups of eight males and females) aged 20-40 and 60-80 yr residing in the Metabolic Research Unit of the Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University. Volunteers were initially fed (4 d) a baseline-period diet containing the recommended daily allowance for vitamin K(More)
We developed a RIA involving a polyclonal antibody against bovine osteocalcin, which has a carboxy-terminal epitope. Although the antibody recognizes both native and descarboxy osteocalcin, the two forms of osteocalcin were differentiated by adsorption to barium sulfate, taking advantage of the calcium-binding properties of the vitamin K-dependent gla(More)
The response of osteocalcin and other biochemical markers of vitamin K status to diets formulated to contain different amounts of phylloquinone was assessed in nine healthy subjects aged 20-33 y. Subjects resided in a metabolic ward for two 15-d cycles with a minimum of 6 wk between cycles. A mixed diet containing 100 micrograms phylloquinone/d was fed(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol consumption has beneficial effects on mortality which are mainly due to reduction in cardiovascular disease. These are believed to be due, at least in part, to the increase in plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) which is associated with alcohol consumption. It has been proposed that ADH3 genotype modifies the relationships between(More)