Martin O. Weickert

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A high dietary fiber (DF) intake is emphasized in the recommendations of most diabetes and nutritional associations. It is accepted that viscous and gel-forming properties of soluble DF inhibit macronutrient absorption, reduce postprandial glucose response, and beneficially influence certain blood lipids. Colonic fermentation of naturally available high(More)
Exposure to high vs. low glycemic index (GI) diets increases fat mass and insulin resistance in obesity-prone C57BL/6J mice. However, the longer-term effects and potentially involved mechanisms are largely unknown. We exposed four groups of male C57BL/6J mice (n = 10 per group) to long-term (20 wk) or short-term (6 wk) isoenergetic and macronutrient matched(More)
CONTEXT Besides the measurement of IGF-I, GH suppression during an oral glucose tolerance test is recommended to assess the biochemical status in acromegaly. However, the development of highly sensitive and specific GH assays necessitates a critical reevaluation of criteria for diagnosis and follow-up of disease activity. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to(More)
Liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) is a highly conserved key factor in lipid metabolism. Amino acid replacements in L-FABP might alter its function and thereby affect glucose metabolism in lipid-exposed subjects, as indicated by studies in L-FABP knockout mice. Amino acid replacements in L-FABP were investigated in a cohort of 1,453 Caucasian(More)
High- vs low-glycaemic index (GI) diets unfavourably affect body fat mass and metabolic markers in rodents. Different effects of these diets could be age-dependent, as well as mediated, in part, by carbohydrate-induced stimulation of glucose-dependent insulinotrophic polypeptide (GIP) signalling. Young-adult (16 weeks) and aged (44 weeks) male wild-type(More)
BACKGROUND Despite their beneficial effects on weight loss and blood lipids, high-protein (HP) diets have been shown to increase insulin resistance and diabetes risk, whereas high-cereal-fiber (HCF) diets have shown the opposite effects on these outcomes. OBJECTIVE We compared the effects of isoenergetic HP and HCF diets and a diet with moderate increases(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipose tissue-derived factors link non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with obesity, which has also been reported for circulating chemerin. On the other hand, hepatic chemerin and chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1) mRNA expression has not yet been studied in an extensively characterized patient collective. DESIGN This study was(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder amongst women of reproductive age and is associated with various metabolic perturbations, in addition to chronic anovulation and factors related to androgen excess. In general, women live longer than men and develop cardiovascular disease at an older age. However, women with PCOS, as(More)
CONTEXT The mechanisms underlying the well-known glucagon-induced satiety effect are unclear. Recently, we showed that glucagon induces a remarkable decrease in the orexigenic hormone ghrelin that might be responsible for this effect. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate the putative role of the hypothalamic pituitary axis in glucagon's(More)
OBJECTIVE Cereal fiber intake is linked to reduced risk of type 2 diabetes in epidemiological observations. The pathogenic background of this phenomenon is unknown. Based on recent findings, we hypothesized that intake of purified insoluble oat fiber may improve whole-body insulin sensitivity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A randomized, controlled,(More)