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This study analyses two different methods to detect obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during sleep time based only on the ECG signal. OSA is a common sleep disorder caused by repetitive occlusions of the upper airways, which produces a characteristic pattern on the ECG. ECG features, such as the heart rate variability (HRV) and the QRS peak area, contain(More)
We describe a system for the evaluation of the sleep macrostructure on the basis of Emfit sensor foils placed into bed mattress and of advanced signal processing. The signals on which the analysis is based are heart-beat interval (HBI) and movement activity obtained from the bed sensor, the relevant features and parameters obtained through a time-variant(More)
In this paper, we discuss the possibility of performing a sleep evaluation from signals, which are not usually used for this purpose. In particular, we take into consideration the heart rate variability (HRV) and respiratory signals for automatic sleep staging, arousals detection, and apnea recognition. This is particularly useful for wearable or textile(More)
Time-frequency analysis of the heart rate variability during arousal from sleep, with and without EMG activation, coming from five obese healthy subjects was performed. Additionally, a comparative analysis of three time-frequency distributions, smooth pseudo Wigner-Ville (SPWVD), Choi-Williams (CWD) and Born-Jordan distribution (BJD) is presented in this(More)
This paper presents a method for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening based on the electrocardiogram (ECG) recording during sleep. OSA is a common sleep disorder produced by repetitive occlusions in the upper airways and this phenomenon can usually be observed also in other peripheral systems such as the cardiovascular system. Then the extraction of ECG(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to identify, starting from a single EEG trace, quantitative distinctive features characterizing the A phases of the Cyclic Alternating Pattern (CAP). METHODS The C3-A2 or C4-A1 EEG leads of the night recording of eight healthy adult subjects were used for this analysis. CAP was scored by an expert and the portions relative to(More)
The present study quantitatively analyzes the EEG characteristics during activations (Act) that occur during NREM sleep, and constitute elements of sleep microstructure (i.e. the Cyclic Alternating Pattern). The fractal dimension (FD) and the sample entropy (SampEn) measures were used to study the different sleep stages and the Act that build up the sleep(More)
This study proposes an alternative evaluation of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) based on ECG signal during sleep time. OSA is a common sleep disorder produced by repetitive occlusions in the upper airways. This respiratory disturbance produces a specific pattern on ECG. Extraction of ECG characteristics, as Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and peak R area,(More)
This study presents different methods for automatic sleep classification based on heart rate variability (HRV), respiration and movement signals recorded through bed sensors. Two methods for feature extraction have been implemented: time variant-autoregressive model (TVAM) and wavelet discrete transform (WDT); the obtained features are fed into two(More)
This study aims to develop an automatic detector of the A phases of the cyclic alternating pattern, periodic activity that generally occurs during non-REM (NREM) sleep. Eight polysomnographic recordings from healthy subjects were examined. From EEG recordings, five band descriptors, an activity descriptor and a variance descriptor were extracted and used to(More)