Martin O. Leonard

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Limited oxygen delivery to tissues (hypoxia) is common in a variety of disease states. A number of parallels exist between hypoxia and acute inflammation, including the observation that both influence vascular permeability. As such, we compared the functional influence of activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) on normoxic and posthypoxic endothelial(More)
Tissue reoxygenation following hypoxia is associated with ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and may signal the development of ischemic preconditioning, an adaptive state that is protective against subsequent IRI. Here we used microarray RNA analysis of in vivo and in vitro models of IRI to delineate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Microarray analysis(More)
Phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination combined with proteasomal degradation of transcriptional regulators is a recently appreciated mechanism for control of a number of inflammatory genes. Far less is known about the counterregulatory mechanisms that repress transcriptional activity in these pathways during resolution. Here, we investigated the transient(More)
The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a key regulator of the transcriptional response to hypoxia. While the mechanism underpinning HIF activation is well understood, little is known about its resolution. Both the protein and the mRNA levels of HIF-1α (but not HIF-2α) were decreased in intestinal epithelial cells exposed to prolonged hypoxia. Coincident with(More)
Epithelial cells of the kidney represent a primary target for hypoxic injury in ischemic acute renal failure (ARF); however, the underlying transcriptional mechanism(s) remain undefined. In this study, human proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) exposed to hypoxia in vitro demonstrated a non-lethal but dysfunctional phenotype, closely reflective of the(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension occurs in chronic hypoxic lung diseases, significantly worsening morbidity and mortality. The important role of altered bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling in pulmonary hypertension was first suspected after the identification of heterozygous BMP receptor mutations as the underlying defect in the rare heritable form(More)
Lipoxins are endogenous lipoxygenase-derived eicosanoids, generated during inflammatory, hypersensitivity, and vascular events, that display vasodilatory, antiinflammatory, and pro-resolution activity. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of 15-epi-16-(para-fluorophenoxy)-lipoxin A(4)-methyl ester (15-epi-16-(FPhO)-LXA(4)-Me), a stable synthetic analogue of(More)
The completion of the human genome project and the subsequent advent of DNA microarray and high-throughput sequencing technologies have led to a renaissance in molecular toxicology. Toxicogenomic data sets, from both in vivo and in vitro studies, are growing exponentially, providing a wealth of information on regulation of stress pathways at the(More)
The identification and dissection of cellular stress mechanisms is fundamental to understanding the susceptibility of the kidney to chemicals and pharmaceuticals and for the development of renal biomarkers indicative of sub lethal injury. Here, we utilised whole genome DNA microarrays in an attempt to uncover molecular mechanisms of response to nephrotoxin(More)
High content omic techniques in combination with stable human in vitro cell culture systems have the potential to improve on current pre-clinical safety regimes by providing detailed mechanistic information of altered cellular processes. Here we investigated the added benefit of integrating transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics together with(More)