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This class offers a continuation of Math 153. I would like to present a number of research projects that are performed at the Program for Evolutionary Dynamics. We will upload further reading material on the course web page, You are required to attend each class and write an essay on a topic of your choice relating to one of the lectures or an approved(More)
Tumor micromilieu often shows pronounced acidosis forcing cells to adapt their phenotype towards enhanced tumorigenesis induced by altered cellular signalling and transcriptional regulation. In the presents study mechanisms and potential consequences of the crosstalk between extra- and intracellular pH (pH(e), pH(i)) and mitogen-activated-protein-kinases(More)
There is only limited understanding of the impact of high p(CO2) on soil biomes. We have studied a floodplain wetland where long-term emanations of temperate volcanic CO2 (mofettes) are associated with accumulation of carbon from the Earth's mantle. With an integrated approach using isotope geochemistry, soil activity measurements and multi-omics analyses,(More)
Because solid growing tumors often show hypoxia and pronounced extracellular acidosis, the aim of this study was to analyze the impact of an acidotic environment on the activity of the p-glycoprotein (pGP) and on the cellular content and cytotoxicity of the chemotherapeutic drug daunorubicin in the AT1 R-3327 Dunning prostate carcinoma cell line cultured in(More)
Due to inadequate perfusion, tumors develop hypoxia and extracellular acidosis. In vitro, this acidic environment (pH=6.6) has a strong impact on the activity of the p-glycoprotein (pGP) drug transporter responsible for multidrug resistance. This effect is most probably mediated via p38 and/or ERK1/2 signalling pathways. The aim of the study was to analyze(More)
The dynamics of evolutionary processes creates a remarkable picture of life. Sean Nee Martin Nowak is undeniably a great artist, working in the medium of mathematical biology. He may be a great scientist as well: time will tell, and readers of this book can form their own preliminary judgement. In his wanderings through academia's firmament — from Oxford,(More)
Extracellular acidosis in tumors leads to an activation of the p-glycoprotein (Pgp) drug transporter. In the present study the cytotoxicity of different chemotherapeutic drugs and its dependence on the Pgp activity during acidosis were analyzed in vitro and in vivo. Treating R3327-AT1, Pgp-positive tumor cells at pH 7.4 with daunorubicin, cisplatin or(More)