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Opioid receptors in the brain activate descending pain pathways to inhibit the nociceptive response to acute noxious stimuli. The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of supraspinal opioid receptors in modulating the nociceptive response to persistent inflammation in rats. Subcutaneous administration of 50 microl of complete Freund's Adjuvant(More)
Following incubation with [14C]gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) or [3H]dopamine, slices of rat striatum were superfused with media containing 36 mM K+ or ethylenediamine (EDA), 1 or 5 mM. Both K+ and EDA induced a release being largely Ca2+-dependent, while the EDA-induced release was not. Whereas K+ also evoked a Ca2+-dependent release of [3H]dopamine, EDA(More)
1 The actions of ethylenediamine (EDA) and structurally related compounds were investigated by microiontophoresis in Wistar rats. 2 EDA inhibited, via a bicuculline-sensitive mechanism, the spontaneous firing rate of all cortical and pallidal cells tested. 3 The results with the analogues suggest that two amine groups are required for this neuronal(More)
The uptake of [14C]ethylenediamine into slices of rat brain and its subsequent evoked release have been studied. An active uptake process was demonstrated by comparing uptake at 37 and 4 degrees C. This uptake showed a Km of 1.36 mM, was partly sodium-dependent and was reduced by nipecotic acid. Release could be readily evoked by 30 mM potassium, and by(More)
Astrocytes (both type 1 and type 2), cultured from the central nervous system of newborn or 7 day old rats show voltage gated sodium and potassium channels that are activated when the membrane is depolarized to greater than -40 mV. The sodium channels in these cells have an h-infinity curve similar to that of nodal membranes but the activation (peak(More)
Kinins, including bradykinin and kallidin, are peptides that are produced and act at the site of tissue injury or inflammation. They induce a variety of effects via the activation of specific B1 or B2 receptors that are coupled to a number of biochemical transduction mechanisms. In the periphery the actions of kinins include vasodilatation, increased(More)
A selection of biphenyl-analogues of 2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acid (AP7), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists with high affinity in vivo efficacy. The lead compound SDZ EAB 515 was found to inhibit L-phenylalanine uptake by the large neutral amino acid carrier in vitro and in vivo; active transport may thus confer a good bioavailability to(More)
Evidence suggesting the involvement of P2X2 and P2X3 in chronic pain has been obtained mostly from rodent models. Here we show that rodents may be poor predictors of P2X3 pharmacology in human. We demonstrate that monkey and human dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons do not express appreciable levels of P2X2 subunit, contrary to rat sensory neurons.(More)
In an in vitro preparation of the neonatal spinal cord with the tail attached, brief administration of bradykinin or capsaicin in the tail superfusate containing a normal calcium concentration, activated peripheral fibres and produced a depolarization recorded at a spinal ventral root (L3-L5). Perfusion with a phorbol ester (4 beta-phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate,(More)