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Opioid receptors in the brain activate descending pain pathways to inhibit the nociceptive response to acute noxious stimuli. The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of supraspinal opioid receptors in modulating the nociceptive response to persistent inflammation in rats. Subcutaneous administration of 50 microl of complete Freund's Adjuvant(More)
There has been recent evidence linking bradykinin (BK) receptors with inflammation. This study has investigated the involvement of BK receptors in two models of persistent inflammatory hyperalgesia in rats. In a Freund's adjuvant-induced hyperalgesia model and an ultraviolet (UV)-induced hyperalgesia model in rats the specific B2 antagonist, D-Arg[Hyp3,(More)
An iontophoretic study was made of the interaction of kynurenic acid with excitatory amino acids in the hippocampus and with the commissural input from the contralateral hippocampus in the rat. The results showed that kynurenic acid was an effective blocker of synaptic transmission in the hippocampus in vivo, adding further support to the idea that an(More)
Following incubation with [14C]gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) or [3H]dopamine, slices of rat striatum were superfused with media containing 36 mM K+ or ethylenediamine (EDA), 1 or 5 mM. Both K+ and EDA induced a release being largely Ca2+-dependent, while the EDA-induced release was not. Whereas K+ also evoked a Ca2+-dependent release of [3H]dopamine, EDA(More)
1 The actions of ethylenediamine (EDA) and structurally related compounds were investigated by microiontophoresis in Wistar rats. 2 EDA inhibited, via a bicuculline-sensitive mechanism, the spontaneous firing rate of all cortical and pallidal cells tested. 3 The results with the analogues suggest that two amine groups are required for this neuronal(More)
The uptake of [14C]ethylenediamine into slices of rat brain and its subsequent evoked release have been studied. An active uptake process was demonstrated by comparing uptake at 37 and 4 degrees C. This uptake showed a Km of 1.36 mM, was partly sodium-dependent and was reduced by nipecotic acid. Release could be readily evoked by 30 mM potassium, and by(More)
Kinins, including bradykinin and kallidin, are peptides that are produced and act at the site of tissue injury or inflammation. They induce a variety of effects via the activation of specific B1 or B2 receptors that are coupled to a number of biochemical transduction mechanisms. In the periphery the actions of kinins include vasodilatation, increased(More)
Astrocytes (both type 1 and type 2), cultured from the central nervous system of newborn or 7 day old rats show voltage gated sodium and potassium channels that are activated when the membrane is depolarized to greater than -40 mV. The sodium channels in these cells have an h-infinity curve similar to that of nodal membranes but the activation (peak(More)
The neuropeptide neuromedin U (NMU) has been shown to have significant effects on cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and CNS functions. The peptide was first isolated from the porcine spinal cord and later shown to be present in spinal cords of other species. Little is known about the distribution of neuromedin U receptors (NMURs) in the spinal cord and the(More)