Martin Michael Wachowski

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PURPOSE The first aim was to compare medial patellofemoral ligament injury patterns in children and adolescents after first-time lateral patellar dislocations with the injury patterns in adults. The second aim was to evaluate the trochlear groove anatomy at different developmental stages of the growing knee joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS Knee magnetic(More)
AIM The diagnosis and treatment of patellar dislocation is very complex. The aim of this study is to give an overview of the biomechanics of the patellofemoral joint and to point out the latest developments in diagnosis and treatment of patellar dislocation. METHOD The authors electronically searched Medline, Cochrane and Embase for studies on the(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for recurrent lateral patellar dislocations and to incorporate those factors into a patellar instability severity score. Sixty-one patients [male/female 35/26; median age 19 years (range 9–51 years)] formed the study group for this investigation. Within the study group, 40 patients experienced a(More)
The biomechanical role of the zygapophysial joints was investigated for axial rotations of lumbar segments by recording the positions of the instantaneous helical axis (IHA) against the axial rotational angle and by relating these IHA-positions to anatomical landmarks. Cyclically varying pure axial moments were applied to 3 L1/L2, 7 L3/L4 and 3 L4/L5(More)
Spinal biomechanics is still known just fragmentary since the only description by angle-torque characteristics without simultaneous recording of migration of the instantaneous helical axis (IHA) is not sufficient. Time-dependent flexion/extension following a cyclic laterally directed torque was measured at all six degrees of freedom by a highly precise(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the femoral part of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) and its injury can be accurately assessed by standard knee arthroscopy in first-time patellar dislocations or whether preoperative MRI is required to determine injury location in patients where primary MPFL repair is attempted. Twelve patients(More)
This study evaluated the efficacy of intramammary infusion of ceftiofur hydrochloride for the treatment of intramammary infections present at the last milking of lactation and for prevention of new intramammary infections during the nonlactating period. Cows were randomly assigned to five treatments (untreated negative control, 125, 250, and 500 mg of(More)
Many studies of knee motion have been reported in the literature over more than 100 years. Of particular interest to the analysis presented here is the work of the Freeman group, who elegantly measured tibio-femoral kinematics in studies made on cadavers and the knees of living individuals using MRI, anatomical dissection and RSA. We examined and(More)
Firstly, the way of implementing approximatively the initial rollback of the natural tibiofemoral joint (TFJ) in a total knee replacement (AEQUOS G1 TKR) is discussed. By configuration of the curvatures of the medial and lateral articulating surfaces a cam gear mechanism with positive drive can be installed, which works under force closure of the femoral(More)
The mathematical approach presented allows main features of kinematics and force transfer in the loaded natural tibiofemoral joint (TFJ) or in loaded knee endoprostheses with asymmetric condyles to be deduced from the spatial curvature morphology of the articulating surfaces. The mathematical considerations provide the theoretical background for the(More)