Martin Messerle

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Gammaherpesviruses cause important infections of humans, in particular in immunocompromised patients. Recently, murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) infection of mice has been developed as a small animal model of gammaherpesvirus pathogenesis. Efficient generation of mutants of MHV-68 would significantly contribute to the understanding of viral gene(More)
The development of the thymus depends initially on epithelial-mesenchymal and subsequently on reciprocal lympho-stromal interactions. The genetic steps governing development and differentiation of the thymic microenvironment are unknown. With the use of a targeted disruption of the whn gene, which recapitulates the phenotype of the athymic nude mouse, the(More)
We have recently introduced a novel procedure for the construction of herpesvirus mutants that is based on the cloning and mutagenesis of herpesvirus genomes as infectious bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) in Escherichia coli (M. Messerle, I. Crnkovic, W. Hammerschmidt, H. Ziegler, and U. H. Koszinowski, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:14759-14763,(More)
Recently the mouse cytomegalovirus (MCMV) genome was cloned as an infectious bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) (M. Messerle, I. Crnkovic, W. Hammerschmidt, H. Ziegler, and U. H. Koszinowski, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:14759-14763, 1997). The virus obtained from this construct is attenuated in vivo due to deletion of viral sequences and insertion of(More)
A strategy for cloning and mutagenesis of an infectious herpesvirus genome is described. The mouse cytomegalovirus genome was cloned and maintained as a 230 kb bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) in E. coli. Transfection of the BAC plasmid into eukaryotic cells led to a productive virus infection. The feasibility to introduce targeted mutations into the(More)
We have cloned the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) genome as an infectious bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) in Escherichia coli. Here, we have subjected the HCMV BAC to random transposon (Tn) mutagenesis using a Tn1721-derived insertion sequence and have provided the conditions for excision of the BAC cassette. We report on a fast and efficient screening(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) strain TB40/E, replicates efficiently, exhibits a broad cell tropism and is widely used for infection of endothelial cells and monocyte-derived cells yet has not been available in a phenotypically homogeneous form compatible with genetic analysis. To overcome this problem, we cloned the TB40/E strain into a bacterial artificial(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is characterized by host immunosuppression and multiorganic involvement. CMV-infected dendritic cells (DC) were recently shown to display reduced immune functions, but their role in virus dissemination is not clear. In this report, we demonstrated that CMV could be captured by DC through binding on DC-SIGN and subsequently(More)
The significance of the major immediate-early gene ie3 of mouse cytomegalovirus (MCMV) and that of the corresponding ie2 gene of human cytomegalovirus to viral replication are not known. To investigate the function of the MCMV IE3 regulatory protein, we generated two different MCMV recombinants that contained a large deletion in the IE3 open reading frame(More)
The NK cell-activating receptor NKG2D interacts with three different cellular ligands, all of which are regulated by mouse cytomegalovirus (MCMV). We set out to define the viral gene product regulating murine UL16-binding protein-like transcript (MULT)-1, a newly described NKG2D ligand. We show that MCMV infection strongly induces MULT-1 gene expression,(More)