Martin Mühling

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Phylum- and class-specific PCR primers were tested for the production of clone libraries and for denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis of complex bacterial communities. Primers were designed to specifically amplify 16S rRNA gene fragments of the phyla Bacteroidetes, Planctomycetes and Firmicutes, of three classes of the phylum(More)
How microbial communities change over time in response to the environment is poorly understood. Previously a six-year time series of 16S rRNA V6 data from the Western English Channel demonstrated robust seasonal structure within the bacterial community, with diversity negatively correlated with day-length. Here we determine whether metagenomes and(More)
Recent advancements in the nanotechnology industry have seen a growing interest in integrating silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) into consumer and medical products. To date, there has been little research into the toxicological impact that Ag-NPs will have when they enter the marine realm. Of particular concern are the possible effects of Ag-NPs on natural(More)
Unicellular cyanobacteria of the genus Synechococcus are a major component of the picophytoplankton and make a substantial contribution to primary productivity in the oceans. Here we provide evidence that supports the hypothesis that virus infection can play an important role in determining the success of different Synechococcus genotypes and hence of(More)
This review paper reports the consensus of a technical workshop hosted by the European network, NanoImpactNet (NIN). The workshop aimed to review the collective experience of working at the bench with manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs), and to recommend modifications to existing experimental methods and OECD protocols. Current procedures for cleaning(More)
A study of the fatty acid composition was made for 35 Arthrospira strains, concentrating on the most abundant fatty acids, the two polyunsaturated C18 acids, linoleic and γ-linolenic acid, and palmitic acid. When grown at 30 ∘C and low irradiance (10 μmol photon m−2 s−1), these three acids together formed 88–92% of total fatty acids. There were considerable(More)
We present the results of a phylogenetic study, based on amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis of the rDNA operon, of 37 Arthrospira ('Spirulina') cultivated clonal strains from four continents. In addition, duplicates from different culture collections or markedly different morphotypes of particular strains established as clonal cultures were(More)
On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequencing, the SAR11 clade of marine bacteria has an almost universal distribution, being detected as abundant sequences in all marine provinces. Yet, SAR11 sequences are rarely detected in fosmid libraries, suggesting that the widespread abundance may be an artefact of PCR cloning and that SAR11 has a relatively low(More)
Both metagenomic data and metatranscriptomic data were collected from surface water (0-2m) of the L4 sampling station (50.2518 N, 4.2089 W), which is part of the Western Channel Observatory long-term coastal-marine monitoring station. We previously generated from this area a six-year time series of 16S rRNA V6 data, which demonstrated robust seasonal(More)
Twenty-three isolates of the widely distributed marine bacteria Alteromonas macleodii have been analysed by multilocus sequence analysis combined with phylogenetic and multivariate statistical analyses. The strains originated from the Pacific Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, English Channel, Black Sea and Thailand. Using the nucleotide sequences of nine loci for(More)