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We report on the development of a micromachined silicon deformable mirror (DM) system for the hyper-contrast visible nulling coronagraph architecture designed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for NASA's Terrestrial Planet Finding (TPF) mission. The new DM is designed to achieve unprecedented optical quality and mechanical positioning precision as required(More)
A micromachined deformable mirror (␮-DM) for optical wave-front correction is described. Design and manufacturing approaches for ␮-DMs are detailed. The ␮-DM employs a flexible silicon membrane supported by mechanical attachments to an array of electrostatic parallel plate actuators. Devices are fabricated through surface micromachining using(More)
OBJECTIVE Clients in an assertive community treatment program and their clinicians were asked to rate clients' current difficulties in 13 quality-of-life areas to determine whether improvement in any area predicted reductions in hospitalization and incarceration. METHODS A peer counselor interviewed 45 clients about psychiatric symptoms, substance use and(More)
Early childhood caries affects 28% of children aged 2-6 in the US and is not decreasing. There is a well-recognized need to identify susceptible children at birth. Caries-free adults neutralize bacterial acids in dental biofilms better than adults with severe caries. Saliva contains acidic and basic proline-rich proteins (PRPs) which attach to oral(More)
Background: Acidogenic, acid-tolerant bacteria induce dental caries and require D-alanyl glycerol lipoteichoic acid (D-alanyl LTA) on their cell surface. Because fluoride inhibits acid-mediated enamel demineralization, an elevated antibody response to D-alanyl LTA may indicate subjects with more acidogenic bacteria and, therefore, an association of DMFT(More)
 There is increasing recognition of the need to better understand the extent and burden of alcohol-related harm in young people.  A growing number of emergency departments (EDs) in the North West are starting to collect data on alcohol, identifying whether patients had consumed alcohol prior to the incident that led to their ED attendance and the(More)
Many state-of-the-art algorithms for object class recognition have recently appeared in the literature. These algorithms recognize one object at a time in that a dedicated classifier needs to be trained for each object class. However, no paper has yet reported a single classifier capable of recognizing the object class of any one of a number of classes.(More)
The American Osteopathic Association's Clinical Assessment Program (AOA-CAP) provides a mechanism for osteopathic residency programs to measure and improve their quality of patient care. In CAP, current clinical practices are measured, and then compared, to evidence-based practice guidelines representing state-of-the-art professional standards, such as The(More)