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We report here the identification of a novel cofactor, ACTR, that directly binds nuclear receptors and stimulates their transcriptional activities in a hormone-dependent fashion. ACTR also recruits two other nuclear factors, CBP and P/CAF, and thus plays a central role in creating a multisubunit coactivator complex. In addition, and unexpectedly, we show(More)
Nuclear receptors (also known as nuclear hormone receptors) are hormone-regulated transcription factors that control many important physiological and developmental processes in animals and humans. Defects in receptor function result in disease. The diverse biological roles of these receptors reflect their surprisingly versatile transcriptional properties,(More)
Many eukaryotic transcription factors are bimodal in their regulatory properties and can both repress and activate expression of their target genes. These divergent transcriptional properties are conferred through recruitment of auxiliary proteins, denoted coactivators and corepressors. Repression plays a particularly critical role in the functions of the(More)
The v-erbA oncoprotein of avian erythroblastosis virus is an aberrant version of a thyroid hormone receptor and functions in neoplasia by blocking erythroid differentiation and by modifying the growth properties of fibroblasts. v-erbA has been proposed to represent a novel dominant negative oncogene, acting in the cancer cell by interfering with the actions(More)
Many transcription factors function by repressing gene transcription. For a variety of these transcription factors the ability to physically recruit auxiliary proteins, denoted corepressors, is crucial for the ability to silence gene expression. We and others have previously implicated the SMRT corepressor in the actions of the PLZF transcription factor and(More)
Retinoic acid receptors (RARs) are hormone-regulated transcription factors that control key aspects of normal differentiation. Aberrant RAR activity may be a causal factor in neoplasia. Human acute promyelocytic leukemia, for example, is tightly linked to chromosomal translocations that fuse novel amino acid sequences (denoted PML, PLZF, and NPM) to the(More)
The synthesis and phosphorylation of influenza virus nucleoprotein and nonstructural protein were analyzed. The nucleoprotein (NP) was found to be phosphorylated in both infected cells and in isolated virions. The phosphate is in a monoester linkage to a serine residue. Two-dimensional tryptic peptide maps of the 32P-labeled protein, as well as measurements(More)
A modification of the two-dimensional protein electrophoresis system of O'Farrell was used to resolve influenza A virus proteins from each other and from host proteins in infected cells. Viral protein spots corresponding to the hemagglutinin proteins, neuraminidase, nucleocapsid protein, and nonstructural protein, were identified on the two-dimensional(More)
Nuclear hormone receptors are the largest known family of eukaryotic transcription factors and serve as critical effectors of vertebrate homeostasis, growth, and differentiation. The precise transcriptional response mediated by a given nuclear hormone receptor is dictated by hormone, promoter, and cellular context, and many nuclear hormone receptors(More)
The promyelocytic leukemia (PML) protein is a potent growth suppressor and proapototic factor, whereas aberrant fusions of PML and retinoic acid receptor (RAR)-alpha are causal agents in human acute promyelocytic leukemia. Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) treatment induces apoptosis in acute promyelocytic leukemia cells through an incompletely understood(More)