Martin L. Olsson

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We have demonstrated the utility of ultrasound backscatter microscopy for targeted intraparenchymal injections into embryonic day (E) 13.5 mouse embryos. This system has been used to test the degree of commitment present in neural progenitors from the embryonic ventral telencephalon and mid-hindbrain region. Many E13.5 ventral telencephalic progenitors were(More)
The developmental potential of neural progenitors derived from the E13.5-E14 lateral or medial ganglionic eminences (LGE and MGE, respectively) or the E12 ventral mesencephalon (VM) was examined in cross-species transplantation model. After injection into the E15 rat forebrain ventricle, mouse LGE progenitors (unlike those of the MGE or VM) were(More)
BACKGROUND Subjects with non-O ABO blood group alleles have increased risk of pancreatic cancer. Glycosyltransferase activity is greater for the A(1) versus A(2) variant, whereas O01 and O02 variants are nonfunctioning. We hypothesized: 1) A(1) allele would confer greater risk than A(2) allele, 2) protective effect of the O allele would be equivalent for(More)
Several human histo-blood groups are glycosphingolipids, including P/P1/P(k). Glycosphingolipids are implicated in HIV-host-cell-fusion and some bind to HIV-gp120 in vitro. Based on our previous studies on Fabry disease, where P(k) accumulates and reduces infection, and a soluble P(k) analog that inhibits infection, we investigated cell surface-expressed(More)
Investigation into predictors for treatment outcome is essential to improve the clinical efficacy of therapeutic multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). We therefore studied the possible harmful impact of immunogenic ABO blood groups antigens - genetically governed antigenic determinants - at all given steps of MSC-therapy, from cell isolation and(More)
Erythrocyte polymorphisms associated with a survival advantage to Plasmodium falciparum infection have undergone positive selection. There is a predominance of blood group O in malaria-endemic regions, and several lines of evidence suggest that ABO blood groups may influence the outcome of P. falciparum infection. Based on the hypothesis that enhanced(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular genetics of the P blood group system and the absence of P1 antigen in the p phenotype are still enigmatic. One theory proposes that the same gene encodes for both the P1 and Pk glycosyltransferases, but no polymorphisms in the coding region of the Pk gene explain the P1/P2 phenotypes. We investigated the potential regulatory regions(More)
BACKGROUND Since the cloning in 1990 of cDNA corresponding to mRNA transcribed at the blood-group ABO locus, polymorphisms due to ethnic and/or phenotypic variations have been reported. Some subgroups have been explained at the molecular level, but unresolved samples are frequently encountered in the reference laboratory. RESULTS ABO blood grouping(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal alloantibodies against HPA-1a can cross placenta, opsonize foetal platelets, and induce neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT). In a study of 100, 448 pregnant women in Norway during 1995-2004, 10.6% of HPA-1a negative women had detectable anti-HPA-1a antibodies. DESIGN AND METHODS A possible correlation between the maternal ABO(More)