Martin L Olsson

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Enzymatic removal of blood group ABO antigens to develop universal red blood cells (RBCs) was a pioneering vision originally proposed more than 25 years ago. Although the feasibility of this approach was demonstrated in clinical trials for group B RBCs, a major obstacle in translating this technology to clinical practice has been the lack of efficient(More)
Preeclampsia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality during pregnancy. To date, the pathogenesis of the disease is not fully understood. Recent studies show that preeclampsia is associated with overexpression of the hemoglobin genes alpha2 and gamma and accumulation of the protein in the vascular lumen of the placenta. Hypothesizing that cell-free(More)
BACKGROUND The clinically significant antigens of the Duffy (Fy [FY]) blood group system are expressed on the red cell form of the FY glycoprotein, a promiscuous chemokine receptor and also a receptor for malarial parasites. After the cloning of cDNA coding for FY glycoprotein, the molecular basis of the three major alleles (Fya/Fyb/Fy) has been(More)
The antigens of the ABO system were the first to be recognized as blood groups and actually the first human genetic markers known. Their presence and the realization of naturally occurring antibodies to those antigens lacking from the cells made sense of the erratic failure of blood transfusion hitherto and opened up the possibility of a safe treatment(More)
Blood group ABO polymorphism was analysed in genomic DNA isolated from 150 blood donors by restriction endonuclease digestion of three polymerase chain reaction-amplified exons in the ABO genes and by sequencing of randomly selected samples. An anomalous O1 allele first described in a cancer cell line is now shown to account for approximately 40% of the O(More)
The blood group ABO gene shows considerable polymorphism in most of the 7 exons. Introns examined so far have also shown blood group-related polymorphisms, as has an upstream enhancer region. Several polymorphisms affect the specificity of the gene product (glycosyltransferase) and explain the occurrence of blood group A and B. Various lethal mutations(More)
Alpha(1)-microglobulin is a 26-kd protein, widespread in plasma and tissues and well-conserved among vertebrates. Alpha(1)-microglobulin belongs to the lipocalins, a protein superfamily with highly conserved 3-dimensional structures, forming an internal ligand binding pocket. The protein, isolated from urine, has a heterogeneous yellow-brown chromophore(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Amerindians are blood group O, but the distribution of the various O alleles is unknown. Their ABO genotypes were compared with samples from other Brazilian ethnic groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS Genomic DNA was examined by PCR-RFLP analysis, PCR-SSP and direct sequencing. RESULTS An unusual allele distribution was found, with(More)
The A4GALT locus encodes a glycosyltransferase that synthesizes the terminal Galα1-4Gal of the P(k) (Gb3/CD77) glycosphingolipid, important in transfusion medicine, obstetrics, and pathogen susceptibility. Critical nucleotide changes in A4GALT not only abolish P(k) formation but also another Galα1-4Gal-defined antigen, P1, which belongs to the only blood(More)
OBJECTIVE Cell free foetal DNA (cff DNA) extracted from maternal plasma is now recognized as a potential source for prenatal diagnosis but the methodology is currently not well standardized. To evaluate different manual and automated DNA extraction methods with a view to developing standards, an International Workshop was performed. METHODS Three plasma(More)